Corporate Governance and Firm Performance: The Role of the Board and Audit Committee

Netai Kumar Saha, Rehnuma Hoque Moutushi, Mohammad Salauddin

Abstract


Corporate Governance (CG) has become a paramount issue due to its greater significance of practicing accuracy, maintaining accountability, establishing effective internal control and regulating organizations for achieving organizational goals. The study is conducted to explore the relationship between corporate governance and firm performance with considering the role of board and audit committee. The multiple liner regression analysis is used as the underlying statistical test on the dependent variables, ROA, ROE and TQ to test the association between the independent variables (board size, board independence, size of audit committee and audit committee composition) with firm performance. Homogeneous purposive sampling has been used. The sample size of the study is 81 listed companies in DSE. The results of the study signify that board independence ratio and audit committee is statistically significant and has positive impact on ROA and TQ. But it is not statistically significant in the case of firm performance indicator ROE in this study. In addition to, Board size is not statistically significant and has negative correlation with firm performance due to group dynamics, communication gaps and indecisiveness of larger groups.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v10i1.12933

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