Administration of Hot Water Extract Diatomae Caetoceros Ceratosporum via Injection Enhances the Immune Resistance of White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei against Infectious Myonecrosis Virus

Erika Saraswati, Arief Prajitno, Uun Yanuhar, A. Latief Abadi

Abstract


Immune resistance of white shrimp against disease can be enhanced through the administration of immunostimulant. Some of sea microalgae extracts has been proved trough examination to be able to stimulate immune system of shrimp. The objective of this study is to know immune response of Litopenaeus vannamei injected with hot water extract Chaetoceros ceratosporum (HWEC) doses of 5, 10, 15 and 20 µg·g-1 body weight (BW) against Infectious Myonecrosis (IMNV) virus infection. The findings show that C. ceratosphorum administration can enhance immune response of L. vannamei infected by Infectious Myonecrosis virus, indicated by the increasing number of hemocytes (THC), total protein plasma (TPP), phenolokxidase (PO) activity, and respiratory burst (RB) activity. Highest immune response is achieved by injection dose of 15 µg·g-1 shrimp body weight. The increase of shrimp immune response leads to the increase of shrimp immune system against IMNV infection, so the survival rate of L. vannamei infected by IMNV is higher than positive control and similar to those of negative control.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ast.v1i2.3889

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