Forecasting Rainfall in Mauritius using Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average and Artificial Neural Networks

Jayrani Cheeneebash, Ashvin Harradon, Ashvin Gopaul

Abstract


In this paper, two forecasting methods namely, the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and the artificial neural network (ANN) are studied to forecast the amount of rainfall in Mauritius. Indeed due to the geographical location of Mauritius, the rainfall pattern is deeply affected by the season prevailing whereby the period of summer receives a relatively high amount of rainfall when compared to winter. As such, forecasting rainfall can help the local authorities to manage the distribution of water in the country especially during droughts. The results obtained from both methods are compared in terms of their mean square error, mean absolute difference and mean absolute percentage difference. It is then seen that artificial neural network is a much better model as it is more accurate. This is due to its nonlinearity characteristic and ability to learn and train itself.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/emsd.v7i1.12566

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Copyright (c) 2018 Jayrani Cheeneebash, Ashvin Harradon, Ashvin Gopaul

Environmental Management and Sustainable Development  ISSN 2164-7682

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