Verification of Time of Concentration Equation for Improved Drainage Design

J. C. Osuagwu, J. C. Agunwamba, C. E. Nwabunor

Abstract


This study focused on verifying the Time of concentration Equation for a more reliable design of drains. Tracer studies were carried out in 1000m long rectangular drains at the University of Nigeria Nsukka. Sodium Chloride which was used as the tracer was introduced at station 1 and samples were collected after 20secs simultaneously at the 9 collection points. Flow parameters including velocity and slope of channel were determined. The collected samples were analyzed in the laboratory for determination of chloride concentration in mg/l. The maximum concentration was 42.11mg/l. Thereafter the time of concentrated was computed by dividing the summation of product of concentration and measured time with the summation of concentration. Through regression analysis, a modified formula for computing time of concentration (tc). Model verification was carried out using experimental data. The results from obtained from the modified Equations were compared respectively with computed results from the commonly used Kirpich formula and measured times of concentration. The results showed no correlation between measured and computed values. There were also marked variations between results from existing and modified formulae. There is therefore need for further verification and validation of the modified Equation. This is necessary in view of the fact that a reliable prediction of time of concentration is key to a cost effective drainage design.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/emsd.v8i2.14902

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Copyright (c) 2019 J. C. Osuagwu, J. C. Agunwamba, C. E. Nwabunor

Environmental Management and Sustainable Development  ISSN 2164-7682

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