Investigating the Messenger’s Letters: Critical Discourse Analysis
The aim of the present study was to determine how The Critical Discourse analysis could be a viable approach to investigate the main persuasive strategies adopted by the messenger, PBUM, to get the rulers and governors believe in him. In order to do just this, the researcher selected seven letters to be the data of the study. As for the machinery, the main three parts of all letters were decided. In addition, all of these sections where investigated through analyzing their content, coaching with the main principles of the Critical Discourse analysis. The study got use of the main mechanisms of Critical Discourse Analysis: the description of the text, discourse-as-discursive practice, and discourse-as-social-practice. As for the findings, the study found out that the letters are very rich of persuasive strategies which are varied due to the recipient himself. The study concludes that these letters are ideology bound. That means that they deliver the certain themes; they are not mere letters free of such ideologies. In fact, these ideologies establish the way on which any negotiation in the future must be built up. The main ideology of all letters is the Islamic Mandate or superiority. Besides, the letters consider the ruler’s status and influence. They address rulers differently due to their status quo. This entails that these letters are pragmatic, which account for their important significance. The study recommends reinvestigating other messenger letters and speeches, coaching with the Critical Discourse Analysis themes. Many studies dealing with such letters and speeches emphasize their layouts and religious underlying roles without indicating how the messenger persuades other rulers and governs in spite of the lack of knowledge of who Mohammad, PBUM, is. In addition, it indicates that reinvestigating other phenomena in Arabic including the process of selecting verbs, shielded with the Critical Discourse Analysis.
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