Effectiveness of Multimedia in the Development of Teachers Training Institutes at Tertiary Level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan)

Qaiser Suleman, Hassan Danial Aslam, Zulfiqar Ali Behan, Azra Fanoos

Abstract


Educational technology plays a fundamental role in enhancing teaching learning process. It has facilitated instructional process and made it more effective, dynamic and productive (Suleman, et al. 2012). The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of the multimedia in the development of teachers training institutes at tertiary level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The objectives of the study were; (a) to find out the effects of multimedia on the educational attainment of prospective teachers at tertiary level (b) to determine whether teaching through multimedia is more effective than the traditional method of teaching at tertiary level (c) to examine the effects of multimedia on the educational attainment of higher and low achievers (d) to investigate whether the prospective teachers can retain the learning for a longer time when they taught through multimedia and (e) to make workable recommendations to enhance the teaching learning process through multimedia and other educational technologies. All the prospective teachers studying in public and private teachers training institutes at tertiary level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa constituted the population of the study. The study was delimited to the prospective teachers of Kohsar Public Schools and College Latamber (Karak) and Hussan Model Degree College Chokara (Karak) studying at B.Ed level. The study was further delimited to the subject of Teacher Education. Forty prospective teachers of B.Ed level from these two institutions were selected as sample of the study. Sample prospective teachers were divided into two groups i.e. control group and experimental group on the basis of pre-test. Each group was comprised of 20 prospective teachers. The study was experimental in nature therefore pre-test and post-test research design was used as research instrument. After statistical analysis of the data, the researchers arrived at the results that multimedia plays a fundamental role in teaching of teacher training programmes at tertiary level. Multimedia was found to be more effective in clarifying difficult concepts of the prospective teachers. The students of experimental group showed extraordinary performance as compared to the students of control group. On the basis of the findings, it is strongly recommended that provision of multimedia should be ensured and utilized in teachers training institutes at tertiary level.

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Keywords: Effectiveness, Multimedia, Development, Teacher Training Institutes, Tertiary Level

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijld.v2i6.2667

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