Screening Camelia sinensis Germplasm Against Grey Leaf Blight of Tea

Asma Akbar, Gul Shad Ali, Brian Pearson, Farrukh Hamid, Sonia Sumreen

Abstract


Grey blight is a foliar disease of tea plants (Camellia sinensis) caused by Pestalotiopsis. The grey blight pathogen was isolated from infected leaves of tea plants in the National Tea and High Value Crop Research Institute (NTHRI), Shinkiari, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Eight different varieties, Indonesian, Roupi, Jue King, P-5, P-3, Qi man, Chuy and P-1, were investigated for yield loss and resistance against the grey blight disease. All varieties displayed considerably different levels of resistance to Pestalotiopsis (p<0.05). The most resistant variety was Indonesian, which showed the lowest number of lesions (1.5 leaf-1) and the smallest lesion diameter (3.0 cm), whereas the most susceptible variety was P-1 which showed the highest number of lesions (3.83 leaf-1) and the largest lesion diameter (15.0 cm). The grey leaf blight pathogen significantly affected biomass and dry matter of the tested varieties. Compared to non-inoculated control, inoculation with Pestalotiopsis reduced the number of leaves by 40% (p<0.05), fresh leaf weight by 31% (p<0.05) and dry leaf weight by 59% (p<0.05). Whereas, the Indonesian variety was the least affected showing only 11% (p<0.05), 19% (p<0.05), and 28% (p<0.05) reduction in number of leaves, fresh weight and dry weight, respectively, over control. These results showed that Pestalotiopsis significantly reduced tea yield and that this disease can be managed by growing resistant varieties.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v5i4.11991

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Paper Submission E-mail: jas@macrothink.org

Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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