Growth and Ethylene Production in Eucalyptus Clones Sensitive to Shoot Blight, Submitted to Hypoxia and High Levels of Manganese

Fellip Januário Pinheiro Lacerda, Sarah Vieira Novais, Fernando Palha Leite, Roberto Ferreira Novais


Eucalyptus shoot blight in the Rio Doce Valley (ESBVRD) is a physiological anomaly that has been related to hypoxic environment and Mn excess. This study had the objective of understanding the mechanisms involved in the differential tolerance of eucalyptus clones to ESBVRD. Two experiments were carried out: (I) two clones, a sensitive and a ESBVRD tolerant, two O2 concentrations (normal and hypoxic) and five concentrations of Mn (0, 5, to 90 mg L-1); (II) same two eucalyptus clones, two O2 concentrations (normal and mild hypoxic) and two Mn concentrations (30 and 300 mg L-1). The hypoxic condition reduced the plant dry weight and increased the production of ethylene in the two clones, both more strikingly in the sensitive clone. The O2 deficiency was the first factor predisposing the clones to ESBVRD, in contrast to Mn excess, that appeared to act over a longer period for the expression of the symptoms.

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Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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