Water User’s Conflicts in Irrigation Schemes in Tanzania

Saida Selemani Fundi, Stella Malangalila Kinemo

Abstract


The aim of this study was to examine types of conflicts and factors contributing to their occurrence in water allocation processes. The study was conducted in Mkindo Irrigation Scheme and employed the Exploratory Sequential Mixed Approach, whereby the dominant approach was qualitative approach, complemented by quantitative techniques. The data collection methods were in-depth interviews, documentary reviews and focus group discussions for the qualitative data and questionnaire for quantitative data. Qualitative data were analysed using qualitative content analysis and explanation building techniques. The quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics.   

Findings reveal existence of inter-micro micro and intra micro-micro water users’ conflicts in the selected irrigation scheme.  The study also identified the factors determining the water user’s conflicts in the selected scheme. To enhance water allocation processes in the selected irrigation schemes, the study recommends strengthening of coordination units and multi-stakeholders platforms.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bijani, M., & Hayati, D. (2015). Farmers’ Perceptions toward Agricultural Water Conflict: The Case of Doroodzan Dam Irrigation Network, Iran. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 17(3), 561-575.

IUCN (2010). Wami Basin Situation Analysis: Report for Wami Ruvu Basin Office

Keraita, B., Mahoo, H., & Giordano, M. (2012). Impacts of improving traditional irrigation schemes in Mvomero district, Tanzania.

Komakech, H. C., Van der Zaag, P., & Van Koppen, B. (2012). The Last Will Be First: Water Transfers from Agriculture to Cities in the Pangani River Basin, Tanzania. Water Alternatives, 5(3).

Komakech, H., Van Koppen, B., Mahoo, H., & Van Der Zaag, P. (2011). Pangani River Basin over time and space: On the interface of local and basin level responses. Agricultural Water Management, 98(11), 1740-1751. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.06.011

Kramm, J., & Wirkus, L. (2010). Local Water Governance: Negotiating water access and resolving resource conflicts in Tanzanian irrigation schemes.

Le Quesne, T., Pegram, G., & Heyden, V. C. (2007). Allocating Scarce Water: A Primer on Water Allocation, Water Rights and Markets. Water Security Series: April 2007

Lecoutere, E. (2010). Institutions under Construction: Resolving Resources Conflict in Tanzanian Irrigation Schemes, MICROCON Research Working Paper 23

Maganga, F. P., Kiwasila, H. L., Juma, I. H., & Butterworth, J. A. (2004). Implications of customary norms and laws for implementing IWRM: findings from Pangani and Rufiji basins, Tanzania. Physics and chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 29(15-18), 1335-1342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2004.09.008

Mbeyale, E. G. (2009). Impact of Institutional Changes on Management of Common Pool Resources in Pangani River Basin. A Thesis Submitted in Fulfilment of the Requirement for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Geography) of University of Dar es Salaam

Mdee, A., Harrison, E., Mdee, C., Mdee, E., & Bahati, E. (2014). The politics of small-scale irrigation in Tanzania: making sense of failed expectations. Working Paper-Future Agricultures, (107).

Meinzen-Dick, R., & Nkonya, L. (2007). Understanding Legal Pluralism in Water and Land Rights: Lessons from Africa and Asia in van Koppen, B., Giordano M., and Butterworth, J., (eds.) Community-based Water Law and Water Resource Management Reform in Developing Countries, CAB International

Mkavidanda, T. A. J., & Kaswamila, A. L. (2001). The role of traditional irrigation systems (vinyungu) in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district, Tanzania.

Mutiga, J. K., Mavengano, S. T., Zhongbo, S., Woldai, T., & Becht, R. (2010). Water allocation as a planning tool to minimise water use conflicts in the Upper Ewaso Ng’iro North Basin, Kenya. Water resources management, 24(14), 3939-3959. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-010-9641-9

Ostrom, E. (2000). Private and Common Property Rights: Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, and Center for the Study of Institutions, Population, and Environmental Change, Indiana University.

United Nations. (2014). Principles and Practices of Water Allocation among Water Use Sectors, Water Resource Series, No. 8 New York, United Nation Publication

United Republic of Tanzania (2002). National Water Policy, Ministry of Water and Livestock Development, Dar es Salaam.

United Republic of Tanzania (2010). National Irrigation Policy (NIP)

United Republic of Tanzania (2016). United Republic of Tanzania (2016), Second Five-Year Development Plan (FYDP II) 2016/2017-2020/2021, Ministry of Finance and Planning, Dar es Salaam.

van Koppen, B., Giordano, M., & Butterworth, J. (2007). (eds.) Community-based Water Law and Water Resource Management Reform in Developing Countries, CAB International.

van Koppen, B., Sokile, C. S., Hatibu, N., Lankford, B. A., Mahoo, H., & Yanda, P. Z. (2004). Formal water rights in rural Tanzania: deepening the dichotomy? (Vol. 71). IWMI.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v8i4.13965

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.