Review on the Effect of Women Status in the Fisher and Rice Farmer Households on Family Food Security at Pangkep District, Indonesia
This research reviews and analyzes the effect of women status in the household and its component on the food security of fisher and rice farmer households in two different villages, which are Bontomanai Village at coastal region and Taraweang Village at rice producer region, Labakkang Subdistrict, Pangkep District, South Sulawesi Province. Two hundreds of respondents are involved consisting 100 fisher households and 100 rice farmer households. Respondents are selected by simple random sampling. Multiple regression model is used to determine the factors affecting household food security. Of two household groups and using food range as the indicator of household food security, fisher household shows relatively better degree of food security than rice farmer household. Result of research indicates that women status is not having obvious effect on household food security although it has all conforming signs. Household income and household economic base have obvious effect on household food security.
Keywords: Gender, Fisher, Rice Farmer, Food Security, Pangkep
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