Discolouration Studies of the Slaughterhouse Effluent by Adsorption on Two Adsorbents Made from Species Sawdust of Triplochiton scleroxilon and Milicia excelsa

Weldi Gnowe Djonga, Eric Noubissié, Inna Samomssa, Guy Bertrand Noumi


The treatment of slaughterhouse effluents is a problem for our municipalities and residents. The objective of this work is to contribute to the protection of the environment through a test treatment of the effluent from the slaughterhouse of cows by adsorption on adsorbents made from sawdust. To achieve this, two adsorbents were produced based on sawdust of Ayous (Triplochiton scleroxilon) and Iroko (Milicia excelsa), and were characterized. The effluent was sampled in a Ngaoundéré slaughterhouse and then characterized in its turn. Finally, discolouration tests by adsorption of this effluent were carried out. At the end of this work, it appears that both adsorbents produced had an acidic character. They are micro and macroporous with specific surface areas from 14.77 m2/g to 69.56 m2/g for Iroko and Ayous, respectively. The effluent from the slaughterhouse of cows sampled in the city of Ngaoundéré is highly conductive and turbid with an organic matter evaluated at 4.15 ± 0.18%. The adsorbent based on sawdust of Ayous is more effective, globally allowed the reduction of more than 70% of all the organic and inorganic loads of the slaughterhouse effluent after treatment. A discolouration rate estimated at more than 90% obtained at the scale of the laboratory, these adsorbents are effective for the treatment of the slaughterhouse effluents. These two adsorbents can therefore be used for the treatment of slaughterhouse effluent in any country in the world.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/emsd.v8i3.15000


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Copyright (c) 2019 Weldi Gnowe Djonga, Eric Noubissié, Inna Samomssa, Guy Bertrand Noumi

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Environmental Management and Sustainable Development  ISSN 2164-7682

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