Enhancing Rural-urban Linkages Based on Islamic-Iranian Developmental Pattern in Reaching Social Justice: A Case Study of Shahreza County, Isfahan, Iran

Majid Johari, Seyyed Eskandar Seydayi, Seyyed Hedayatollah Nouri, Ahmad Taghdisi

Abstract


Enhancement of rural-urban linkages requires proper methods and patterns of development and regional development. All countries are after reaching appropriate native patterns of development which are in agreement with their native cultures, beliefs, and social, economic, geographical and political conditions. Current developmental patterns in the country are non-native and have been adopted through imitation of those of western countries; and ignore essential elements such as human sublimity, Islamic-Iranian identity, spirituality, social justice and morality. Further, these imitative patterns have not paid enough attention to dimensions and pre-requisites of development and justice. In this sense, the governmental administrators included the notion of Islamic-Iranian developmental pattern within state planning to create a desirable society and deploy an Islamic-Iranian civilization. The present study aims to promote rural-urban linkagesbased on Islamic-Iranian patterns of development in order to reach social justice in Shahreza, Iran. In so doing, it seeks to adopt a new approach compatible with theoretical fundamentals of Islamic-Iranian pattern of development for proposing a native pattern proportionate with geographical conditions and economic, social-cultural, belief, environmental and physical requirements of villages in the county. In this way, the present study aims to enhance the rural-urban linkages, provide the necessary conditions for proportionate regional improvement and reach social justice. Regarding objective, the present study is a practical study; regarding nature and method, it is a descriptive-analytical study which makes use of surveys too. Population are the related administrators and mangers in the city. Due to limited size of the population, all members of the population were selected to participate in the study. Data collection included library method and questionnaire. Data were analyzed in SPSS through samples independent t-test, paired samples t-test and Chi-square.

Results indicated that social justice in every society needs to be created based on economic, social, and cultural structures of that society and also on the premises of political philosophy. Findings showed that current situation of social justice can change through realization of Islamic-Iranian pattern and would take a better shape which would also lead to reduction of poverty and injustice among the cities and villages. Therefore, according to effectivity of rural-urban linkages from realization of Islamic-Iranian pattern of development and improvement of the current condition, it can be proposed that realization of Islamic-Iranian pattern of development cause enhancement of rural-urban linkages which would result in social justice and geographical equality in Shahreza County. 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/emsd.v5i1.8858

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Copyright (c) 2015 Majid Johari, Seyyed Eskandar Seydayi, Seyyed Hedayatollah Nouri, Ahmad Taghdisi

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