Historical Overview of Black Suffering in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA: Depth of Contemporary Social Work Challenges

T. Rashad Byrdsong, Hide Yamatani


This article is an overview of how slavery created a contemporary psychological and emotional condition in Black Americans. As a case study, this manuscript reviews how black history shaped Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the United States of America (USA) to fair the worst for Black residents: low school graduation rates, income levels, homeownership, net worth, and available savings, high unemployment rates, high chronic disease mortality rates, and low life-expectancy.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijsw.v4i2.12050


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