Who Is a Feminist between Flora Nwapa and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie?

Louis Marain Mokoko Akongo


Through this article, the main purpose has been to discover who is a feminist between Flora Nwapa and Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. To carry out the research, life of the main character of each author’s novel has been scrutinized. Consequently when it comes to Flora Nwapa, as Amaka is the main character of her novel entitled One is Enough, Amaka’s life has been under scrutiny. As for Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, life of Olanna, who is the main character of her novel: Half of a Yellow Sun, has been investigated as well. The analysis has been conducted through lenses of two literary approaches namely Feminism and Womanism.

At the end of the analysis it has been brought to light that Flora Nwapa is a feminist because Amaka has a feminist behaviour. As a matter of fact, Amaka has not tolerated any mistreatments from her husband as well as her mother-in-law. Apart from what has been mentioned above, she has beaten her husband back when he tried to beat her. She has divorced Obiora in order to go to Lagos in search for a better life. In Lagos, Amaka has also refused remarrying a priest called Mclaid, the father of her twin boys. Unlike Flora Nwapa, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie has been labelled a womanist because her character called Olanna has been tolerant to her mother-in-law as well as her husband regardless the abuse has undergone in her marriage. In fact, she has forgiven her husband although he has had a child by another woman brought to him from the village by his mother. Olanna has not reacted against the insults she has suffered from her mother-in-law.

Full Text:



Adiche, C. N. (2007). Half of a yellow sun. New York, NY: Anchor books a division of Random house, Inc.

Adichie, N. A. (2019). Identity, Feminism and honest conversations, uploaded by The economist, oct 5, 2019.

Bharathi, A. (2019). Mental Shift in the Perception of Womanism in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's The Purple Hibiscus. UGC Approved under Arts and Humanities Journal.

David, I. A. (2017). January 13th 2017. Everything about Flora Nwapa Screamed 'Feminist'. Everything but her own words, https://venturesafrica.com/celebrating-flora-nwapa/

Fwangyil, G. A. (2011). A reformist-feminist approach to Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus. African Research Review, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v5i3.67356

Guerin, W. L. (1999). A Handbook of Critical Approaches to literature 4th ed. Oxford University Press.

Nwachukwu, C. O., & UnekeEnyi, A. (2015). Matriarchy and the feminist agenda: deconstructing the logocentric tenets and posture of Nigerian critics/writers on feminism. International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies, 3(3), 42-51. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijclts.v.3n.3p.42

Nwapa, F. (1995). One is Enough. Africa World Press, Trenton, NJ 08607.

Olorunfemi, C. A. (2018). An examination of women’s voices in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s “The thing around your neck” (Doctoral dissertation).

Orabueze, F. O. (2011). The Dispossessed in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus and Half of a Yellow Sun. Department of English and Literary Studies, Faculty of Arts University of Nigeria.

Sene, A. (2022). Female Self-affirmation and Self-fulfilment in Nwapa’s One is Enough (1981). International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 10(3), 1012-1019. https://doi.org/10.18535/ijsrm/v10i3.sh05

Simon, E. D., & Worugji, G. E. (2021). The African Feminist Ideology and the Independent Woman in Flora Nwapa's Efuru and Zaynab Alkali's the Stillborn. Contemporary Journal of Inter-displinary Studies, 1(1).

Sonkamble, U. B. (2011). Exploring Flora Nwapa’s Efuru as a womanist than a feminist. Golden Research Thoughts, 1(11), 1-4.

Stanley, O. (2021). Womanism and Patriarchy in Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus. Litinfinite, 3(2), 61-73. https://doi.org/10.47365/litinfinite.3.2.2021.61-73

Tambari, O. D. (2014). Marriage, Tradition and Superstition in Flora Nwapa’s Efuru. Mgbakoigba: Journal of African Studies, 3.

Umeh, M. A. (1998). Emerging perspectives on Flora Nwapa: Critical and theoretical essays.

Walker Alice quoted by Hayat Fatema. (2014 March 04). https: /progressivepupil.wordpress.com/what-is-a-womanist/

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijsw.v9i2.20656


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Louis Marain Mokoko Akongo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Social Work  ISSN 2332-7278  E-mail: ijsw@macrothink.org

Copyright © Macrothink Institute 

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domains to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', please check your 'spam' or 'junk' folder.