A Study on Chinese Shape Taking Methods Reflected on the Character Making Process: Focusing on Major Nature Gods

Changjoon YOON

Abstract


'Letters record a language' means that letters, in specific forms, represent particular meaning and sounds differentiated from others. Because one language reflects its people's way of thinking, letters also include those thinking as a sign of that language. Especially from the very beginning, Chinese characters were devised to take the shapes that represent meaning of languages rather than the signals that indicate pronunciation, therefore the shapes of Chinese characters, especially that of the ancient pictographs, can be treated directly as very precious historical data, also can be said exactly reflect social aspects of the times.

But in some cases, meaning of language did not have specific shapes that represent exact meaning, so people in Shang Dynasty have to develop the system of taking shapes that represent abstract meaning.

To search for this, this research made consideration on the taking shapes system of Chinese character based on the findings through the analysis of oracle-bones letters and oracle-bone inscriptions regarding The God of Nature, especially The God of dragon, wind, rainbow, sun.

Full Text:

PDF

References


『中國各民族宗敎與神話大詞典』編審委員會編, 『中國各民族宗敎與神話大詞典』, 北京, 學苑出版社, 1990

柯斯文, 『原始文化史綱』, 北京, 人民出版社, 1955

郭沫若, 『殷墟粹編․考釋』, 東京, 日本東京文求堂, 1937

金祥恒, “甲骨文‘出’․‘日入’日說”, 『中國文字』 第26冊, 臺北, 藝文印書館, 1967

島邦南, 『殷虛卜辭硏究』, 弘前, 中國學硏究會, 1958

董作賓, “中國古代文化的認識”, 『大陸雜誌』, 第3卷 第12期, 1951

方述鑫 外, 『甲骨金文字典』, 成都, 巴蜀書社, 1993

徐中舒, 『甲骨文字典』, 成都:四川書辭, 第5次印刷本, 1998

宋兆麟, 『中國原始社會史』, 北京, 文物出版社, 1983

宋鎭豪, “甲骨文出日入日考”,『出土文獻硏究』, 北京, 文物出版社, 1985

宋鎭豪, 『夏商社會生活史』, 北京, 中國社會科學出版社, 1994

嚴一萍, 「殷商天文志」, 『中國文字』 新2期, 臺北, 藝文印書館, 1980

王宇信․楊升南, 『甲骨學一百年』, 北京, 社會科學文獻出版社, 1999

于省吾, 『甲骨文字釋林』, 北京, 中華書局, 1979

袁珂, 『山海經校注』, 成都, 巴蜀書社, 1993

趙誠, 『甲骨文與商代文化』, 沈陽, 遼寧人民出版社, 2000

陳夢家, “古文字中之商周祭祀”, 北京, 『燕京學報』 19th edition, 1936

崔恒昇, 『簡明甲骨文詞典』, 合肥, 安徽敎育出版社, 1986

韓鑒堂, 『中國文化』, 北京, 北京語言文化大學出版社, 1999

胡厚宣, “殷代之天神崇拜”,『甲骨學商史論叢初集』(上) 臺北, 臺灣大通書局, 1944




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijch.v7i1.17088

Refbacks



To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

Copyright © Macrothink Institute   ISSN 2332-5518