Antecedents and Consequences of Affect-based and Role-based Loyalty of Section Chiefs to Supervisors in Taiwanese Elementary Schools

Shueh-Chin Ting, Chien-Hui Su


This study surveyed 660 section chiefs in public elementary schools in Taoyuan and revealed that affect- and role-based loyalty are two distinct types of loyalty to supervisors. The findings indicated that role-based loyalty had a positive impact on affect-based loyalty for section chiefs in public elementary schools. The ethical behavior of supervisors and perceived supervisor sharing vision predicted affect-based loyalty, whereas leadership justice perception and respect for hierarchy predicted role-based loyalty to the supervisor. In addition, affect-based loyalty had positive impacts on word of mouth, supervisor-directed organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and a negative impact on emotional exhaustion. Role-based loyalty had positive impacts on in-role performance and supervisor-directed OCB. In particular, affect-based loyalty had a greater impact on supervisor-directed OCB than role-based loyalty did. 

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