Introducing Complex Situations in Primary Education: Their Impact on Student’s Results in Terms of Efficiency

Alphonse Sebaganwa


This paper examined the efficiency of using complex situations in teaching Science and Elementary Technology in 20 primary schools, 38 classes ( only fourth years), located in Huye district in Rwanda. The sample was divided into four groups: 9 classes practiced the “teaching situations”, 9 dealt with “integration situations”, 9 mixed “teaching and integration situations” and 11 classes made a “reference group” that did not use any of those approaches. One pre-test and three post-tests have been done by learners from those classes during the 2012 school year. Every test had a “resource” test and a “situation” test with a similar level of difficulties. The analysis indicated progressive increase of marks, especially, for the classes which practiced the “integration situations”. The findings showed a priority of starting with the “integration situations” for the development of the learner’s autonomy and of a cognitive development. 

Full Text:



To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

Copyright © Macrothink Institute ISSN 1948-5476