Evaluating the TOEIC® in South Korea: Practicality, Reliability and Validity

Simon James Nicholson

Abstract


With the rise of globalization and the reality of English as a lingua franca in international
business, it is hard to argue against the need for a practical proficiency test for international
communication in the workplace. However, the TOEIC® does not adequately meet this need.
This paper critically evaluates the TOEIC® in South Korea and draws on relevant literature
to discuss the classic criteria for assessing a test: practicality, reliability and validity. It
proposes that though the TOEIC® is practical, its reliability is questionable and that the
TOEIC® is inappropriate for its intended purposes as an indicator of language ability as it
fails to provide any direct evidence of its validity in order to support its claim of being a true
measure of English language proficiency.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ije.v7i1.7148

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