Moringa oleifera Seeds Extract Activity on Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and Aeromonas hydrophyla Cells in Aquatic Microcosm

Claire Stephane Metsopkeng, Chretien Lontsi Djimeli, Olive Vivien Noah Ewoti, Lucienne Marlyse Moungang, Paul Alain Nana, Antoine Tamsa Arfao, Pierrette Ngo Bahebeck, Telesphore Sime-Ngando, Moise Nola


This study aimed to evaluate in microcosm condition, the survival of Aeromonas hydrophila and Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), in the presence of M. oleifera aqueous seeds extract at concentrations varying from 1 to 40 g/L, and under 4 °C and 23 °C incubation temperature. It has been noted that cell abundances decrease gradually with the increasing in the seeds extract concentration. However, a marked cells regrowth was sometimes noted. In monospecies cell incubation condition, under 4 °C, the EPEC cells inhibition percentages (CIP) values varied from 52.12 to 99.84%. Those of A. hydrophila varied from 13.2 to 96%. The lowest CIPs were noted at the extract concentration 1g/L for EPEC and A. hydrophila. The highest CIP value was registered at 10 and 40 g/L for EPEC and at 15 g/L for A. hydrophila. Under 23 °C incubation, the EPEC CIPs values varied from 74.04 to 99.9% and those of A. hydrophila varied from 21.2 to 97.8%. For E. coli, the lowest and the highest CIP were recorded at the extract concentration 1g/L and 30 g/L, respectively. In bispecies cells incubation condition, the CIPs were relatively different. These results show the potential exploitation of M. oleifera extracts in the microbiological treatment of potable water.

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