Economic Effects of Using Nepotism and Cronyism in the Employment Process in the Public Sector Institutions

Taha Barakat AL-shawawreh


This study aims to discern the role of nepotism and cronyism in the weakening of economic
performance of the government institutions through exposure to this practice in the three
Arab Countries; Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan, The study relied on the analysis of what was
stated in the related literature which illustrate the effect of using nepotism and Cronyism in
the employment process in a governmental position, to result in a slowdown and stumbled in
the delivery of government services to citizens. After analyzing how the practice of nepotism
and cronyism in the three countries, the study found the following results:
 Nepotism and cronyism are practiced not only in developing countries, but also in
advanced countries.
 Using nepotism and cronyism in employment process is unethical behavior.
 The use of nepotism and cronyism in the public sector is much more than private sector.
 Nepotism and cronyism can be considered as a part of the national culture in Arab
 Nepotism and cronyism have negative economic repercussions, both at the level of the
national economy, or the per capita income level. Because the salaries paid to staff
recruited through them considered as a burden on the state treasury. Also, the large
number of times to visit the citizen government department, to get the same service, lead
to the loss of his income as a transition expenses.
 Nepotism and cronyism are from reasons of administrative corruption in the studied

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Research in Applied Economics ISSN 1948-5433


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