A Review of Social Cognitive Theory and Self-care for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Nomahaza Mahadi, Siti Nurani Abdullah, Shathees Baskaran


Diabetes could be very challenging to manage due to its high complication that could give negative impacts to patient’s quality of life. Diabetes mellitus is a non-communicable chronic disease that has caused significant morbidity since ten years ago. Diabetes Mellitus treatment is essential to reduce disease complication. Adapting self-care behaviour based on theory can, therefore, be implemented as one of the effective ways of managing diabetes.  Social Cognitive Theory has been one of the most common theories that used in many studies as to improve behaviours in-patient with chronic disease such as diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, managing good self-care is very important in order to reduce the morbidity and mortality of diabetes patients, however diabetes self-care became a challenge to many people living with diabetes, as they need to adapt and learn self-care practices in their daily lives. Thus this paper would provide an understanding of the health care professional in delivering their self-care services, also helping oneself to stay healthy and control their disease by good self-care practices.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/bms.v11i1.16961

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