Planning for Education Development Projects: Experiences from the Application of O&OD Approach in Kiroka Ward, Morogoro Rural District

Elias Mseti, Eliza Mwakasangula

Abstract


Participatory planning has been regarded as an approach to enhance development through popular participation of local people in setting local plans and preferences. In an effort to make participatory planning a reality, the Tanzanian government through President's Office Regional Administration and local government (PO-RALG) introduced Opportunities and Obstacles to development (O & OD) with the aim of promoting bottom up planning process. The O&OD approach was thus designed to promote community initiatives in the planning process as well as accelerating achievement of national development goals as per Tanzanian Development Vision 2025. Therefore, this approach functions as an essential approach to identify community preferences for developing local plans. Nevertheless, the empirical research shows that despite this initiative, the planning process is still top down. The O & OD has not realized the intended objective. This study, therefore, examined the Planning for Education Development Projects by drawing experiences from the Application of O&OD Approach in Kiroka Ward in Morogoro Rural District. The study used a case study design, drawing a total sample of 94 respondents including 14 key informants, 10 members of village council and 70 community members. Purposive sampling was used to select key informants; simple random sampling was used to select members of the village council and that snowball sampling was used to select community members. Primary data were collected through interviews, questionnaire and direct observation. NVIVO software for qualitative data analysis was used to analyze the in depth interviews while the questionnaires was analyzed using SPSS computer software. The quantitative analysis involved descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages which were presented in the form of tables and figures. The study found that, Education Development Planning (EDP) process started at the school committees, village council and village assembly. EDP in the two villages was made by community leaders. Community members were involved at the implementation stage. Therefore EDP did not follow O&OD approach. This shows that participation for education planning in Kiroka and Kiziwa is conducted by leaders this affected education project since most of the projects were not implemented as villagers were not involved.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Arnstein, S. (1969). A ladder of citizen participation. AIP Journal, 35(4), July 1969, 216–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/01944366908977225

Bailey, D. K. (1998). Methods of Social Research. The Press Collier McMillan Publisher: London.

Certo, S. (2000). Modern management. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice Hall.

Chaligha, A. (2008). Local Government and Citizen Participation in Tanzania: From a local government reform perspective. Dar Es Salaam: REPOA.

Chirenje, L. I. (2013). Local communities’ participation in decision-making processes through planning and budgeting in African countries. Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment, 11(1), 2013. https://doi.org/10.1080/10042857.2013.777198

Harold, K. C., & O’Donnell, P. (1968). Management: An Analysis of Managerial Functions. McGraw-Hill: New York.

Imparato, I., & Jeff, R. (2003). Slum Upgrading and Participation: Lessons from LatinAmerica. Washington, D.C.: World Bank. https://doi.org/10.1596/0-8213-5370-5

Kambuga, Y. (2013). The Role of Community Participation in the Ongoing Construction of Ward Based Secondary Schools Lessons of Tanzania. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(7).

Mabula, B. J. (2007). Participatory approach and development planning process in Maswa district, Shinyanga Tanzania. http://www.suaire.suanet.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/197

Massoi, L., & Norman, A. S. (2009) Decentralisation by devolution in Tanzania: Reflections on community involvement in the planning process in Kizota Ward in Dodoma. Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research, 1(7), 133-140.

Matete, R. (2016). Challenges Facing Primary Education under Decentralization of Primary School Management. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. ISSN 2220-8488. www.Ijhssnet.com

Max, J. O. (1991). The Development of Local Government in Tanzania. Dar es-salaam.

Mollel, A. H. (2010) Participation for Local Development. The reality of Decentralization in Tanzania http://www.rug.nl/research/portal/files/14672739/21complete.pdf

Munaranara, T. L. (2010) Importance of Community Participation in Ongoing Contructon of Primary Schools in Mlali and Mzumbe Ward, Morogoro Region https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/135155/Theresia

Oyugi, N., & Kibua, T. N. (2006). Planning and Budgeting at the Grassroots Level: The Case of Local Authority Service Delivery Action Plans. IPAR. Nairobi

PMO-RALG. (2004). Planning guidelines for villages and mitaa. DODOMA. Prime Minister’s Office –Regional and Local Government. Dar es Salaam: Educational Publishers and Distributors Ltd.

PMO-RALG. (2005). Opportunities and Obstacles to Development Programme (O&OD). Dodoma: Prime Ministers Office, Regional Administration and Local Government.

PMO-RALG. (2007). Historical perspective on participatory planning in Tanzania. Dodoma: Prime Minister’s Office, Regional Administration and Local Government.

PMO-RALG. (2007b). Opportunities and Obstacles to Development: A community participatory planning methodology. Dodoma: Prime Ministers Office, Regional Administration and Local Government.

PMO-RALG. (2008). The study on improvements of opportunities and obstacles to development planning process. Final report, March 2008. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

Rutasigw, O. (2013) Effects of Community Participation on Access of Quality Education and Post Ordinary Level Education Bukoba Tanzania.

Shivji, I. G., & Maina, P. C. (2003), Village Democracy Initiative Report. Dodoma: The President’s Office.

Shivji, I. G., & Maina, P. C. (2003). Village Democracy Initiative Report. Dodoma: The President’s Office, Regional Administration and Local Government.

Waweru, R. (2001) Factors Which Promote Community Participation in the Community Driven Development Approach. International Journal of Humanities & Social Science Studies, 2349-6959.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v9i1.14305

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

Copyright © Macrothink Institute   ISSN 2162-3058

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.