A Welfare Model of Street Vendors: Cases from Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

Desak Putu Eka Nilakusmawati, Made Susilawati, Geoffrey Wall

Abstract


This study determines the socio-economic characteristics of street vendors in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia and proposes a welfare model to examine their well-being. The results showed that street vendors in Denpasar are mostly male, married, with an average age of 39. Most are recent migrants who rent their housing. The majority sell food and beverages from carts and work almost 8 hours per day. Most are self-employed and may be assisted by family labor. Most do not do bookkeeping for their business activities and many are not registered businesses. Most have little access to capital and do not participate in empowerment programs in the form of education/training in business skills. Binary logistic regression analysis shows that the incomes of street vendors are related positively to marital status, age, employment status, physical facilities, and presence of bookkeeping.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bhowmik, S. K. (2005). Street vendors in Asia: a review. Economic and Political Weekly, May 28-June 4, 2256-2264. Available: http://www.wiego.org/sites/default/files/publications/files/Bhowmik-Street-Vendors-Asia.pdf

BPS Provinsi Bali. (2012). Keadaan ketenagakerjaan Provinsi Bali Agustus 2012. [online] Available: https://bali.bps.go.id/publication/2012/10/10/a490d5e1774cbc3878d5f39e/keadaan-ketenagakerjaan-di-provinsi-bali-agustus-2012.html (March 8, 2016).

BPS Provinsi Bali. (2015). Peta tematik hasil SUPAS 2015 Provinsi Bali. Denpasar: Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Bali.

BPS. (1996). Survei angkatan kerja nasional. Jakarta: Biro Pusat Statistik.

BPS. (2002). Statistik Indonesia 2002. Jakarta: Biro Pusat Statistik.

Carol, N., & Ongori, H. (2013). An assessment of challenges faced by microenterprises in Botswana: a case of street food vendors in Gaborone. International Journal of Learning & Development, 3(5), 56-73. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijld.v3i5.4470

Cukier, J., & Wall, G. (1994). Informal tourism employment: vendors in Bali, Indonesia. Tourism Management, 15(6), 464-467. https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-5177(94)90067-1

Cukier-Snow, J., & Wall, G. (1993). Tourism employment: perspectives from Bali. Tourism Management, 14(3), 195-201. https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-5177(93)90020-L

Effendi, T. N. (1993). Sumber daya manusia, peluang kerja dan kemiskinan. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Friedmann, J., & Sullivan, F. (1974). The absorption of labour in the urban economy: the case of developing countries. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 22(3), 385-413. https://doi.org/10.1086/450727

Hidayat. (1978). The urban informal sector of Indonesia: an empirical search for solution. Jakarta: YKTI.

Hosier, R. H. (1987). The informal sector in Kenya: spatial variation and development alternatives. Journal of Developing Areas, 24, 383-402.

Hosmer, D. W., & Lemeshow, S. (2000). Applied Logistic Regression. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1002/0471722146

ILO (1985) Informal sector in Africa. Addis Ababa: Jobs and Skill Programme for Africa. Geneva: International Labor Office.

ILO. (1972). Employment, income, and equality: a strategy for increasing productive employment in Kenya. Geneva: International Labor Office.

ILO. (2002). Decent work and the informal economy. Geneva: International Labor Office.

ILO. (2006). Indonesia: decent work country programme 2006-2010. [online] Available: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@asia/@ro-bangkok/@ilo-jakarta/documents/policy/wcms_115007.pdf (March 8, 2016).

Indira, D. (2014). A study of street vending across the globe. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 4(9), 514-519. Available: http://www.ijarcsse.com/docs/papers/Volume_4/9_September2014/V4I9-0256.pdf (March 8, 2016)

Kasmad, R., & Alwi. (2014). Analysis of local government capacity building network in empowering street vendors policy implementation in Makassar City, Indonesia. European Journal of Research in Social Sciences, 2(2), 29-40. Available: http://www.idpublications.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/ANALYSIS-OF-LOCAL-GOVERNMENT-CAPACITY-BUILDING-NETWORK-IN-EMPOWERING-STREET-VENDORS-POLICY.pdf (March 12, 2016)

Kasmad, R., & Alwi. (2015). Democratic model of public policy accountability. Case study on implementation of street vendors empowerment policy in Makassar city. Journal of Government and Politics, 6(2), 186-202. https://doi.org/10.18196/jgp.2015.0014

Leibo, J. (2004). Problem perkotaan dan konflik sosial. Yogyakarta: Institut Pengembangan Demokrasi dan Hak Asasi Manusia.

Long, V., & Wall, G. (1995). Small-scale tourism development in Bali. In: Conlin, M. V., & Baum, T. (Eds.), Island Tourism: Management Principles and Practice (pp. 237-257). Chichester: Wiley.

Manning, C., & Effendi, T. N. (1996). Urbanisasi, pengangguran, dan sektor informal di kota. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 41 Year 2012 on Guidelines and Arrangement and Empowerment of Street Traders. Available: http://ditjenpp.kemenkumham.go.id/arsip/bn/2012/bn607-2012.pdf (April 25, 2018)

Mramba, N. R. (2015). The conception of street vending business (SVB) in income poverty reduction in Tanzania. International Business Research, 8(5), 120-129. https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v8n5p120

Muzaffar, A. T., Huq, I., & Mallik, B. A. (2009). Entrepreneurs of the streets: an analytical work on the street food vendors of Dhaka city. International Journal of Business and Management, 4(2), 80-88. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v4n2p80

Neter, J., Wasserman, W., & Kutner, M. H. (1997). Model linear terapan Buku II. Analisis regresi ganda. Translated by Bambang Sumantri. Bandung: Jurusan Statistika FMIPA IPB.

Nilakusmawati, D. P. E. (2009). Kajian aktivitas ekonomi pelaku sektor informal di kota Denpasar (Studi kasus wanita pedagang canang sari). Piramida, 5(2), 54-64. Available: https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/piramida/article/view/2993 (April 25, 2018)

Njaya, T. (2014). Operations of street food vendors and their impact on sustainable urban life in high density suburbs of Harare, in Zimbabwe. Asian Journal of Economic Modelling, 2(1), 18-31. Available: http://www.aessweb.com/pdf-files/Ajem-2014-2%281%29-18-31.pdf (March 17, 2016)

Prasetya, M. A., & Fauzial, L. (2016). Dampak sosial ekonomi relokasi pedagang kaki lima di Kecamatan Buduran Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Jurnal Kebijakan dan Manajemen Publik, 4(2), 117-234. https://doi.org/10.21070/jkmp.v4i2.691

Sethuraman, S. V. (1977). The Urban Informal Sector in Africa. International Labour Review, 116(3), 343-352.

Sjahrir, K. (1985). Sektor informal: beberapa catatan kritis. Prisma, XIV(6), 74-83.

Soewartoyo. (2010). Pekerja sektor informal: pemberdayaan dan peningkatan kesejahteraan. (Laporan Program Insentif Peneliti dan Perekayasa LIPI). Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia.

Subarsono. (1998). Kebijakan sektor informal. Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik (JKAP), 2(1), 81-95.

Susilawati, M., Nilakusmawati, D. P. E., & Rimbawan, D. (2014). Determinan dari status pekerjaan berdasarkan karakteristik sosial ekonomi lanjut usia di perdesaan Provinsi Bali. In: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains & Teknologi 2014, Denpasar, Indonesia, 18-19 September 2014, pp. 895-902. Denpasar: LPPM Universitas Udayana Bali.

Timothy, D. J., & Wall, G. (1997). Selling to tourists Indonesian street vendors. Annals of Tourism Research, 24(2), 322-340. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(97)80004-7

Vargas, A. M. (2013). Legal empowerment of informal workers: alternative models of regulation for street vendors in Bogota, Colombia. In: Conference Regulating For Decent Work, 2013. Available: http://lup.lub.lu.se/luur/download?func=downloadFile&recordOId=3954825&fileOId=3954828 (March 8, 2016)

Wirosardjono, S. (1985). Pengertian, batasan, dan masalah sektor informal. Prisma, 15(3), 3-10.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v9i3.14973

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

Copyright © Macrothink Institute   ISSN 2162-3058

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.