When Police Behave-A Transformation Program That Reshapes Police-Community Relationships Based on Problem Solving and Values

Mohamed Buheji

Abstract


The escalation of the global events that followed the death of George Floyd in USA Minneapolis, Minnesota on May 25th of 2020, and what followed from demonstrations in all over the world; despite the presence of a global pandemic, shows the importance and the complications of an event that started with police miss-behaviour. ‘I can’t breathe’ a slogan carried by Floyd and many others earlier, carries within it, lots of meaning, however, one of the most important of meanings is the police brutality and the way they behave in certain times. This paper reviews the modern policing and specifically the values expected to be embedded in the police culture and the way they behave even in challenging times.

The literature review goes into exploiting the importance of police and community engagement through problem-solving programs and the accumulative collective impact on ‘empathetic policing’ that lead to ‘social dialogue’. The case study in this paper focuses on the ‘police inspiration labs’ and how it gave a chance for more police with community engagement towards solving essential society problems. Besides, the paper shows the difference between (systems-driven vs behaviours-driven) police development programs. The paper carries important implication for developing further the role of the police in the ‘quality of life’ and support the government to transform the budget of policing into grey areas, i.e. area where the police are encouraged to execute more efforts towards preventing and developing instead of correcting and reacting towards community incidences and challenges.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Buheji, M. (2019a). Understanding the Economics of Problem-Solving. A Longitudinal Review of the Economic Influence of Inspiration Labs- Three Years Journey on Socio-Economic Solutions. American Journal of Economics, 9(2), 79-85

Buheji, M. (2019b) Shaping the Anatomy of Socio-Economic Community Problems towards Effective Solutions. Issues in Social Science, 7(1), 1-11.

Buheji, M., & Ahmed, D (2019) The Defiance - A Socio-Economic Problem Solving, AuthorHouse, UK.

Buheji, M. (2018a). Re-Inventing Our Lives, A Handbook for Socio-Economic “Problem-Solving”, AuthorHouse, U.K.

Buheji, M (2018b) Empathetic Engineering in Inspiration Leadership Program, Case Studies on Happiness Creation in Public Policing Services, 47th IFTDO World Conference & Exhibition FUTURE IS TODAY | CREATING HAPPINESS AT WORKPLACE, 20-22 March 2018, Dubai, UAE.

Cohen, D. (2001). Problem-Solving Partnerships: Including the Community for a Change. Washington, DC: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice. Available at: http://www. cops.usdoj.gov/ric/ResourceDetail.aspx?RID=163., Accessed on: 1/6/2020

COPS (2002). COPS Innovations: Promising Strategies from the Field (A National Overview). Washington, DC: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice. Available at: http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/RIC/ResourceDetail. aspx?RIF=513., Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Diamond, D., & Weiss, D (2009) Advancing Community Policing Through Community Governance: A Framework Document. Washington, DC: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice. www. cops.usdoj.gov/RIC/ResourceDetail.aspx?RID=521., Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Duffee, D., Renauer, B, Scott, J., Chermak, S., & McGarrell, E. (2006) Community Building Measures: How Police and Neighborhood Groups Can Measure Their Collaboration. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice. www. ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/213134.pdf., Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Elfrink, T., Bella, T., Shepherd, K., Chiu, A., Flynn, M., Wagner, J., & Mettler, K. (2020) George Floyd live updates: Congress to debate sweeping police reforms as Derek Chauvin appears in court. June 8, https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2020/06/08/george-floyd-protests-memorial-updates/

Fischer-Stewart, G. (2007) Community Policing Explained: A Guide for Local Governments. Washington, DC: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice. Available at: http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/RIC/ResourceDetail.aspx?RID=430., Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Friedell, L., & Wycoff, M (2004) Community Policing, The Past, The Present, and Future. Washington, DC: Police Executive Research Forum. Available at: www.policeforum.org/upload/CommunityPolicingReduced_570119206_12292005152352.pdf., Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Gordon, M. (2003). Making the Match: Law Enforcement, the Faith Community and the Value-Based Initiative. Washington, DC: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice. http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/ric/ResourceDetail.aspx?RID=137. , Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Gabbatt, A. (2020). Protests about police brutality are met with wave of police brutality across U.S., The Gaurdian. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jun/06/police-violence-protests-us-george-floyd. Accessed on: 6/6/2020

ILJ. (2005). Engaging the Community in Project Safe Neighborhoods. Institute for Law and Justice, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice. http://www.psn.gov/ pubs/pdf/PSN_CE_Monograph_FINAL.pdf., Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Jacobs, S (2020). NYPD faces 633 complaints after a week of protests. , June 6, https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/george-floyd-protests-new-york-nypd-complaints/2020/06/05/dd91e4dc-a754-11ea-b619-3f9133bbb482_story.html

Kindy, K., & Brice-Saddler, M. (2020). Experts doubt this is a moment of reckoning for policing in U.S. June, 8 https://www.washingtonpost.com/ ,

McCampbell, M. (2010). The Collaboration Toolkit for Community Organizations: Effective Strategies to Partner with Law Enforcement,

MetLife Foundation. (2008). MetLife Foundation Community-Police Award Winner, Orchard Gardens/Commons Public Safety Committee. New York: Local Initiatives Support Corporation. www.lisc.org/content/publications/detail/17643., Accessed on: 1/6/2020

National Research Council. (2004). Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing: The Evidence, Chapter: 5 Explaining Police Behavior: Organizations and Context, https://www.nap.edu/read/10419/chapter/6#112 , Accessed on: 1/6/2020

OJP (1997). Community Strategies for Improving the Quality of Life. Washington, DC: Executive Office of Weed and Seed Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. http:// www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ccdo/pub/pdf/qolmas.pdf. , Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Sabath, M., & Carter, H. (2000) Evaluation of Efforts to Strengthen Police-Resident Relations in El Centro, California: A Final Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice. http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/181051.pdf., Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Schmerler, K., Perkins, M., Phillips, S., Rinehart, T., & Townsend, M. (2006) A Guide to Reducing Crime and Disorder Through Problem-Solving Partnerships. Washington, DC: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice. www.cops.usdoj.gov/ric/ResourceDetail. aspx?RID=164. , Accessed on: 1/6/2020

POP Centre (2005) History of problem-oriented policing. Center for Problem Oriented Policing, www.popcenter.org/about/?p=history. Accessed on: 1/6/2020

Wadman, R., & Allison, W. (2004). To Protect and Serve: A History of Police in America. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Wasserman, R., & Moor, M. (1998) Values in Policing By Perspectives in Policing, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, November.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v10i3.17237

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

Copyright © Macrothink Institute   ISSN 2162-3058

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.