Effects of Occupational Environment on Employee Performance in Sugar Industries in Western Kenya

Sylvia Bisela Simiyu, Muganda Munir Manini, Victor Lusala Aliata


The Occupational Safety and Health Act No. 15 of 2007 and reread in 2010, offers for the safety health and benefit of personnel and all individuals lawfully current at places of employment in Kenya. Despite this workers have continued to face occupational health and safety challenges which expose them to a wide range of accidents which eventually pull down their performance. According to ILO statistics on safety and health at work of 28th April 2016, 6300 individuals succumb daily due to occupational accidents or employment associated ailments and deaths exceeding 2.3 million yearly. The study was purposed to investigate the effect of occupational health and safety (OHS) on employee performance in Sugar Industries in Western Kenya. The explicit objective was to determine the effects of occupational environment on employee performance in sugar industries in Western Kenya. The target population comprised 8801 staff in all the sugar firms in Western Kenya. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 383. Primary data was gathered by use of questions which were validated through a pilot study of 10 staff prior to the main research. Cronbach alpha coefficient with a threshold of 0.70 was used to test the reliability of the research instrument. The study findings revealed that: occupational environment contributed to employee performance β=0.585. The R2 change after incorporating Top Management Support was 0.290, P=0.000 implying that TMS statistically moderates the relationship between occupational health and safety and employee performance. Study concluded that: Occupational environment has a significant effect on employee performance while TMS has a significant moderator and influences the relationship between OHS and employee performance.

Full Text:



Abuga, G. (2012). A Case Study on the Effects of Occupational Health and Safety Programs onOrganizational Effectiveness, Kenyatta University: Unpublished.

Armstrong. (2015). Strategic Human Resource Management Practice, 1th Edition, London: KoganPage.

Badelake. (2012). The Effects of Occupational Health and Safety Practices on Employee Performance in Larfage (WAPCO) PLC –. Ewekoro, Ogun State,: Unpublished University of Ibadan Nigeria.

Bill, & Samuel. (2012). Key Issues on Occupational Health and Safety Practices in Ghana. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(19).

Boles, Pelletier, & Lynch. (2012). Employee Attitude towards health risks and work productivity in South Africa. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 46(7), 737-745. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.jom.0000131830.45744.97

Chandrasekar. (2011). Workplace Environment and its Impact on Organizational Performance in Public Sector Organizations,. International Journal Of Enterprise Computing and Business Systems, 1(1), 21-23.

Hiagro. (2016). Environmental & Social Impact Assessment Study Report Proposed Sugar Complex for Tembo Sugar Mills Ltd. Nairobi: Hiagro (EA) Services Limited.

Indakwa. (2013). A Cross-Sectional Study on the Perceived Influence of Occupational Health and Safety programs on Job Performance, . University of Nairobi, Kenya: Unpublished,.

Ikpa. (2011). An Assessment of Occupational Health and Safety Practices on Job Performance at the Tetteh Quashire Memorial Hospital, Manopang Akuapan,. Ghana.: Kwame Nkrumah University Publishers.

KESREDIGEST. (2015). A newsletter of the Kenya sugar Research foundation. Volume 3 issue July- August-September.

Lim. (2012). OHS management system: Three benefits for construction enterprise.

Makori. (2012). Influence of occupational health and safety programmes on performance of manufacturing firms in former Western province, Kenya. Masinde Muliro University of science and technology. African Journal of History and culture, 4(4), 46-58. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJHC11.036

Mutemi. (2014). A survey of the Occupational Health and Safety Programmes adopted by chemical manufacturing firms in Nairobi. University of Nairobi.: Unpublished MBA Research Project.

Mutuli, Lubwama, & Marenya. (2016). Hot working environments: a critical look at a typical sugar manufacturing concern in kenya. Global Ergonomics, 1(11), 606-619. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008043334-9/50065-2

Niemela, & Hannula. (2012). The Effect of Indoor Air Temperature on Labour Productivity in Call Centers: A Case Study. Energy and Building Journal, 34(3), 759-764. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7788(02)00094-4

Pollitt. (2011). Corus forges new approach to safety and health. . Human resource management international digest, 19(7-9). https://doi.org/10.1108/09670731111101516

Prabakar. (2013). A case study with special reference to Don Bosco College Ndirangu, & Namusonge. (2014). Factors influencing implementation of occupational health and safety: A case study of Kenya vehicle manufacturers in Thika. . International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurshipof Arts and Science, Sogathur, Dharmapuri, Asia Pacific Journal of Research: Welfare measure and workers satisfaction, , Volume:3, Issue:10.

Samuelson, & Nordhaus. (2014). Economics (13th ed.). New York, N: McGraw-Hill.

Simiyu Bisela Sylvia. (2013). Efects of Employee Motivation on Performnace in Public Universities in Western Kenya. Undergraduate Graduation Report, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology (MMUST).

Srinivas. (2013). A study on employee welfare facilities adopted at Bosch Limited, Bangalore . Research Journal of Management Science , 2(12), 7-11.

WHO. (2013). Healthy Workplace Framework and Model: Background and Supporting Literature and Practices,. Geneva, Switzerlan: WHO Press.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v10i3.17607

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.

Copyright © Macrothink Institute   ISSN 2162-3058

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.