The Middle East Policy of America during the Cold War

Tülin Tuna

Abstract


Abstract

This article aims to explain the Middle East policy of America during the cold war. The structure of international politics has changed after World War II. Two new powers, the United States of America and the Soviet Russia, have dominated the world politics. In this period, the Middle East was of great importance for the United States economically, politically and strategically. The United States has been struggling to prevent a power threatening the interests of the West from controlling or dominating the Middle East. Especially in the period after 1945, it has been responsive to the Soviet Union’s developing control or influence over the region. In the present article, the importance of the Middle East for the United States is going to be emphasized first. Then, the doctrines called by the names of the US presidents and some conflicts and depressions experienced in this period are going to be discussed.

Key Words: the Middle East policy of USA, the Cold War, Doctrines. 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v2i2.1887

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