Differences in Work Values by Gender, Marital Status, and Generation: An Analysis of Data Collected from “Working Persons Survey, 2010”
Work values have received a significant amount of attention from organizational researchers. This study performed an exploratory factor analysis of data collected from working persons living in the Tokyo metropolitan area. It identified four basic work values: accomplishment, contribution, power and authority, and monetary rewards. This study also examined the effects of gender, marital status, and generation on work values. The results revealed that males had higher levels of work values than females, except for monetary rewards. Married persons demonstrated higher levels of work values than unmarried persons did. Age exerted complicated effects on each work value. This study proposes some implications for practical applications of the results for human resource management and provides suggestions for future research.
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