Fishermen Adherence on Source Utilization in Southeast Aru Conservation Area

Fernando D.W. Dangeubun

Abstract


Southeast Aru Conservation Area is stipulated in the decree of Ministry of Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia No. 27/Kpts-II/1991, as Marine Sanctuary which is fully managed by Department of Forestry Affairs, henceforth it is returned to the Ministry of Marine and Fisheries in 2009 through the decree of the Ministry of Marine and Fisheries No. 63/Men/2009 under the status of Water Nature Reserve (IN: Suaka Alam Perairan/SAP). Purpose of the establishment is to preserve endemic source which should be retained altogether with its ecosystem diversity. Decreasing of this existence along with the utilization rate by society which is predicted as simultaneity of society's social, economic and culture variables becomes the aim of this study to understand some factors. These factors affect the decision of society in adhering or violating formal regulation about conservation to formulate continuous management plan. Data collection method was performed by structured interview supported with list of questions, while analysis was performed by using basic model of adherence and renewable adherence model. Based on the analysis result, it is concluded that some factors affecting society's decision in adhering or violating formal regulation about conservation include economic profit frequency if the society catches fishes in conservation region, law enforcement capacity by Jagawana (EN: Rangers), productive age level and experienced men to access the sources as well as the background of society.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v3i4.4719

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