Effect of Listening Strategy Training on Iranian EFL Learners' Listening Comprehension and Use of Strategies
This study aimed to investigate the effects of listening strategy training on Iranian EFL learners' listening comprehension ability and use of listening strategies. In research conducted in the field of language teaching, many researchers attempted to identify successful listening strategies, and to create opportunities for the students to practice these strategies in order to have more successful listening experiences. This work with a experimental methodology had 60 adult EFL learners from a language institute in Isfahan, Iran, as participants. These participants who were selected based on the results of a placement test, were randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups; each of the groups involved 30 students with the same level of language proficiency. While the control group had no special treatment, the experimental group students took part in a listening strategy training program for eight weeks, with two ninety minutes sessions each week. A listening comprehension test and a listening strategy use questionnaire used as both pre- and post-tests examined the students' progress. The results of data analysis revealed that the program had a positive effect on the experimental group students' listening comprehension and listening strategy use. In contrast no considerable change was observed for the students in the control group. Also, based on the statistics related to strategy use, the strategies most accountable for the improvement of the students' listening comprehension were identified and ranked based on their effectiveness.
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