Using Group Method of Teaching to Address the Problem of Large Class Size: An Action Research

Emmanuel Kofi Mintah


Large class sizes in Ghanaians schools with its attendants problems are major factors for the dwindling academic performance of students in Ghana. To solve this, means reducing the number of students which implies depriving some children from their right to education or building more schools and employing more staff which will bloat government expenditure. This paper brings to light the best and innovative method of addressing the problem of large class sizes. Test, interview, observation and questionnaires were the main data collection instruments used. The study revealed that Ghanaian schools have large class sizes. The following were identified to be problems of large classes: inappropriate methods of teaching; inappropriate mode of assessment; stifled students’ creativity; inattention to students’ problems. The research further showed that group method of teaching Financial Accounting is the best way of addressing the problem of large class size. It is recommended that teachers use appropriate method of teaching to motivate, arouse and sustain students’ interest in their subjects. Again, school administrators must organize regular in-service training to teachers and also monitor closely the work of teachers and students. Stakeholders of education must institute reward and incentive schemes to motivate teachers to give of their best. 

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