Body Temperature and Reproductive Performance of Beef Heifers Supplemented With Rumen-Protected Methionine

José Henrique Dominguez, Matheus Gomes lopes, Fabrício Amadori Machado, Ederson dos Santos, Fernanda Lopes, Josiane de Oliveira Feijó, Cássio Cassal Brauner, Viviane Rohrig Rabassa, Marcio Nunes Corrêa, Francisco Augusto Burkert Del Pino, Eduardo Schmitt

Abstract


This study aimed to assess the reproductive performance and body temperature of beef heifers supplemented with rumen-protected methionine (RPM) in an extensive grazing system and mated during the summer. One hundred 5/8 Angus 3/8 Brahman heifers were homogeneously divided into the control group (n=48, CG) supplemented with mineral salt ad libitum and methionine group (n=52, MG) who received the same supplementation plus 4 g of methionine per 100 g of mineral salt. The groups were fixed-time artificial inseminated (FTAI) 45 days after starting the supplementation. On day 0 of the FTAI protocol, ten animals per group received data-logger thermometers attached in progesterone implants recording the body temperature of the animals every 30 minutes. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed on days 30 and 60 after the artificial insemination to determine the rates of conception, pregnancy, and pregnancy loss. At the beginning of the supplementation, both groups had similar weights (MG was 304.6 kg and CG 304.4 kg), while on days 0 and 30 about the FTAI protocol, the MG was higher weight (365.9 vs. 346.7 and 384.8 vs. 371.5 Kg). During the FTAI protocol, the MG had lower body temperatures (38.77 vs. 38.99 °C) and a tendency to have larger dominant follicles than the CG (11.76 mm x 10.8 mm). Although it did not impact reproductive performance, the observed higher weight, dominant follicle sizes, and lower body temperatures during FTAI protocols show the potential benefits of methionine supplementation in beef heifers mated during the summer.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i3.16793

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Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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