The State of the Art of Agricultural Research on Maize Crop in Mozambique

Sérgio Feliciano Come, José Ambrósio Ferreira Neto, Eunice Paula Armando Cavane

Abstract


This study mapped the agricultural researches on maize crop in Mozambique. A bibliographic research in the internet was carried out. Thus, we selected 72 studies related to maize crop in Mozambique. Descriptive statistics was used to group the studies according to year of publication and region that they cover. The main themes of the studies were grouped based on Commodity System Approach (CSA). The results point out that the scientific production on maize has relatively increased since 2011. 29% of studies address maize crop in entire country while 26% include other countries, mainly those neighbors of Mozambique. At the provincial level, Manica with 14%, Maputo with 7% and Tete with 7% are the provinces with relative high percentage of studies. Therefore, there is not relationship between the percentage of studies and the agricultural potential of the provinces in the country. The main themes of scientific production on maize are agronomic techniques for maize production (50%) and maize market issues (22%). Although post-harvest losses of maize are significant in Mozambique, only 2.8% of the studies analyzed this theme. Recently, some research on maize crop address transversal issues as environment, gender and nutrition. But the percentage of studies analyzing these themes is still low. Future studies are suggested to address themes linking transversal issues and maize crop. Maize storage and its market are other themes that deserve to be studied in the future.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jas.v8i4.17615

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Copyright (c) 2020 Raimundo Nonato Viana Santos, Luciana Lins Oliveira Santos, Caio Vinícius Sales Pereira da Macena, Denise Lima Cavalcante Marinho, Maria José Pinheiro Corrêa, Mario Luiz Ribeiro Mesquita, Maria Rosângela Malheiros Silva

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Journal of Agricultural Studies   ISSN 2166-0379

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