Factors Affecting Successful Implementation of Poverty Alleviation Policy in Sri Lanka

P. I Anuradha, R. Lalitha S. Fernando


Poverty is a critical and social issue in the developing world. Various policy measures have been taken by the countries for reducing this issue. Similarly, Sri Lanka has been taken many initiatives. But the incidence of poverty has not come down as expected. For an example, the Poverty Head Count Ratio in rural sector was 29.4% in 1990 and 24.7 % in 2012 (Census and Statistic Department in Sri Lanka). Among the many reasons for failure of these, poor implementation is imperative. In this context, this paper carries out an empirical study to identify the factors affecting successful implementation of poverty alleviation policy. Quantitative research method was used and primary data was gathered from 71 officers attached with the implementation process at the national, district, and divisional levels. A structured questionnaire was used with interviews for the data collection. Reliability analysis and factor analysis were undertaken to ensure the validity and reliability of the data. Correlation and regression analysis was undertaken in identifying the factors. The test result found that capability, disposition, number of people involved in the implementation, past experience of the implementing officers are significantly affecting on successful implementation of the policy. Based on the findings, policy measures are suggested for improving the policy implementation.

Full Text:



successful implementation in multinational enterprises. In: Management knowledge and Learning International Conference, London 2012, 39-42. https://doi.org/10.2307/20045917

Burkey, S. (2002). People first: a guide to self-reliant participatory rural development. Zed Books Ltd. Retrieved August 12, 2013 from: http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/19931803346.html;jsessionid=914E45699641664744CE3A3C02791E18

Central Bank of Sri Lanka. (2013). Annual Report, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Centre for Poverty Analysis. (2013). A closer look at Sri Lanka’s Poverty Figures: are we reading them right? Retrieved September 15, 2013 from: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=center+for+poverty+analysis&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&as_ylo

Egonmwan, J. A. (1991). Public program analysis: concepts and applications. SMO Aka and Brothers Press. Retrieved August 09, 2014 from: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=Egonmwan%2C+J.+A.+&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=2005&sciodt=0%2C5&cites=14724139130350574364&scipsc

Elisabath, J. U., Ronald, R. H., & Michael, U. (2002) Enterprise Resource Planning: Implementation Procedure and Critical Factors, Europena journal of operational research. Retrieved December 02, 2013 from:www.elsevier.com/locate/ds

Fellows, R. F., & Liu, A. M. (2009). Research methods for construction. John Wiley & Sons Retrieved December 23, 2013 from: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=fellows+%26+liu&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5

Fernandez, S., & Rainey, H. G. (2006). Managing successful organizational change in the Public Sector. Public Administration Review. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6210.2006.00570.x

Global Poverty and Inequality Report. (2013) The Stanford center on Poverty and Inequality. Retrieved December 12, 2013 fromhttp://web.stanford.edu/group/scspi/sotu/SOTU_2014_CPI.pdf

Hailu, A., & Rahman, S. (2012). Evaluation of Key Success Factors Influencing ERP Implementation Success. In Services (SERVICES), 2012 IEEE Eighth World Congress on 88-91. https://doi.org/10.1109/SERVICES.2012.74

Honadle, G. (1979). Implementation Analysis: The Case for an Early Dose of Realism in Development Administration. International Development Administration, New York: Praeger. Retrieved August 09, 2013 from: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?cites=14724139130350574364&as_sdt=2005&sciodt=0,5&hl=en

Kurian, N. (1989). Anti-Poverty Program: A Reappraisal. Economic and Political Weekly, 24(12), 12-20. Retrieved December 19, 2014, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4394564

Kurukulasuriya, L. (2012). Divineguma facilitates the concentration of power. The Sunday Times. Retrieved September 30, 2012 from: http://www.sundaytimes.lk/120930/columns/divineguma-facilitates-the-concentration-of-power-14510.html

Lucas, H. C. (1978). Empirical Evidence for a Descriptive Model of Implementation. MIS Quarterly, 2(2), 27-42. Management Information Systems Research centre. https://doi.org/10.2307/248939

Makinde, T. (2005). Problems of program implementation in developing nations: the Nigerian experience. Journal of Social sciences, 11(1), 63-69. https://doi.org/10.1080/09718923.2005.11892495

Marasinghe, M. L. (1993). Poverty Elimination through Poverty Alleviation: The Jansaviya Programme of Sri Lanka for National Development, Third World Legal Studies, 12(24). Retrieved December 19, 2014 from: http://scholar.valpo.edu/twls/vol12/iss1/2

Meter, V., & Horn, V. (1979). The determinants of success in implementing an expert system in state government, Public Administration review, 58(04), Retrieved February 12, 2013 from: http//scholar.google.com/vol58/4

Nah, F. F. H., & Lau, J. L. S. (2001). Critical factors for Successful Implementation of Enterprise Systems. Business Process Management Journal, 7(3), 285-296, MCB University Press. Retrieved February 23, 2013 from: http:/www.emerald-library.com/ft

Rathnayake, R. (2009). Poverty in Sri Lanka: Incidence and Poverty reduction Strategies.

Ratwatte, C. (2013). Successful Previous Models Are Available; Why Divineguma? Daily FT. Retrieved December 21, 2013 from: http://www.ft.lk/category/columns/charitha-ratwatte/page

Samaraweera, G. (2010). Economic and social assessment of poverty alleviation programs in Sri Lanka-special reference to the Gemidiriya community development and livelihood improvement project. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences, 1(1), 60-65. Retrieved August 12, 2013, from http://reference.sabinet.co.za/sa_epublication_article/sl_jetems_v1_n1_a8

Sudharshan, K. (2001). Determinants of innovation in organizations, The American Political Science Review, 63,111-126 Retrieved February 15, 2013 from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1541-0072.1980.tb01266.x/pdf

Zohir, S. (2009). Implementation of policies for reducing chronic poverty. Retrieved February 20, 2013 from: www.chronicpoverty.org

Abdullah, A. (2012). Workforce Localization Policies in Saudi Arabia; The determinants of

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v7i4.12339

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.