Drinking Age Policy Implementation and the Practice of Federal Law in the United States

Godwin Ihemeje, Grace Ihemeje

Abstract


Readjusting a standardized national drinking age, particularly in the area of implementation has been a matter of concern to scholars of political science and health sciences. It is instructive to note that the national legal drinking age of 21 years is a primary alcohol-control policy initiated and implemented since 1985 in the United States. Different groups have raised public debate on the minimum drinking age and proposed reducing it to 18 years. However, recent trends in alcohol drinking and related consequences, comparative effect of the minimum legal drinking ages of 21 years and 18 years, research on drinking among  high school and college students related to minimum legal drinking age are critically reviewed, using secondary data sources. This article therefore seeks to support the minimum drinking age of 21 years, rather than lowering it to 18 years. Concerted interventional roles are essential by the assistance of non-governmental organizations, public health experts, legal experts, and public office holders; for the purpose of influencing healthy decisions about alcohol among the early adults and thereby leading to reduction in alcohol consumption and its negative impacts.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anthenelli RM, Brady KI, Grandisson L, and Roach D. (2018) “Co-Occurring Alcohol Use Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. The Journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Vol. 39, No.2.

Bonnie RJ, O’Connell ME eds. (2004).Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility. Washington, DC: National Academics Affairs.

Carpenter C., and Dobkin C. (2011).The National Legal Drinking Age and Public

Health. Journal of Economic Perspective, Spring, 25(2):133-156.

CBS New York News (2016) “New Jersey State Assemblyman Introduced a Bill to Change the Legal Drinking Age to 18 years.” CBS New York News, February 24: https://newyork.cbslocal.com/2016/02/24/new-jersey-drinking-age/ (Accessed 7/29/2019)

Choose Responsibility (n.d) “Lowering the Drinking Age.” http://www.chooseresponsibility.org/policy_change/ (Accessed 7/29/2019)

Esser MB, Clayton H, Demissie Z, Kenny D, and Brewer RD (2017) Centers for

Disease Control and Prevention – Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. May 12, 66(18); 474-478.

Harte, M. (2018) “Lower Drinking Age Proposals Contain Various Risks.” Marquette Wire Columnist, November 7.

Knight J.R, Harris S.K,Shemit L, Kelly K, Van Hook S, and Wechsler H (2003)

“Heavy Drinking and Alcohol Policy Enforcement in a State-wide Public College System.” Journal Studies of Alcohol, 64(5):696-703.

Liebschutz, S.F. (1985) “The National Minimum Drinking Age-Law”

Publius: The Journal of Federalism, Volume 15, Issue 3, Summer 1985, Pages 39–52, https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pubjof.a037556 (Accessed 7/29/2019).

Nelson T.F, Naimi T.S, Brewer R.D, and Wechsler H. (2005) “The State Sets the Rate: The Relationship Among State-Specific College Binge Drinking, State Binge Drinking Rate, and Selected State Alcohol Control Policies.” American Journal of Public Health, 95(3): 441-446.

PROCON.ORG – Pros and Cons of Current Issues (2016) 45 States That Allow

Underage (under 21) Alcohol Consumption. https://drinking-age-com/45-states-that-allow-Consumption (Accessed 7/28/2019)

Wechsler H, and Nelson T.F. (2010) “Will Increasing Alcohol Availability by Lowering the Minimum Legal Drinking Age Decrease Drinking and Related Consequences Among Youths? American Journal of Public Health, June, 100(6):986-992.

Wechsler H, Kuo M, Lee H, and Dewalall GW (2000) Environmental Correlates of Underage Alcohol Use and Related Problems of College Students. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 19(1):24-29.

Tietjan, D. (2014) Why 21? A Look at Our Nation’s Drinking Age, https://www-boston.com/culture/health/2014/07/17/why-21--a-look at-our nations-drinking-age (Accessed 7/28/2019).

United States’ Congress, Senate (1984) .Congressional Record, 8th Congress and 2nd Session, 1300 pt. 99, 8233.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jpag.v10i2.15173

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'macrothink.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.