Integrating Business CSR With Local Government Development Program: Business Perception

Abdul Nadjib, Rabin Ibnu Zainal


The mandate of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Indonesia through various laws and regulations, provide an alternative source of funding for local government for the development and the provision of basic services in their area. However, the process of integrating business CSR with local development program must consider the perception of all relevant stakeholders, namely local government officials and staff or managers managing CSR programs in the company. Business CSR are often placed as an instrument for companies to achieve its interest, such as to obtain a social license, reputation and security of business. This study is aimed at understanding business perceptions in integrating business CSR with local development program. The study took place in Muara Enim Regency, South Sumatra province, which is known as a regent where many mining and plantation companies operating in the region. The method used is a descriptive qualitative research method by conducting unstructured interviews with managers and staff of 10 business companies in this region. The study found that there were differences in perceptions of managers and staff towards the integration of CSR with local development programs. The differences of perception is occurred as the local government is still not adopted the business interests. This can be used as a guideline for all parties as a first step to integrate CSR programs with regional development planning.

Full Text:



Ali, A. M., & Yusof, H. (2011). Quality in qualitative studies: The case of validity, reliability and generalizability. Issues in Social and Environmental Accounting, 5(1/2), 25-64.

Bappeda Muara Enim. (2019). Profil Forum CSR-PKBL Muara Enim.

Basri, H. (2014). Using qualitative research in accounting and management studies: not a new agenda. Journal of US-China Public Administration, 11(10), 831-838.

Carroll, A. B. (1991). The pyramid of corporate social responsibility: Toward the moral management of organizational stakeholders. Business horizons, 34(4), 39-48.

Carroll, A. B., & Shabana, K. M. (2010). The business case for corporate social responsibility: A review of concepts, research and practice. International journal of management reviews, 12(1), 85-105.

Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2016). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Sage publications.

Donaldson, T., & Dunfee, T. W. (1999). Ties that bind: A social contracts approach to business ethics.

Esa, R. F. (2016). Pertarungan Kepentingan Politik dalam Perumusan RPJM Daerah Kabupaten Mojokerto Tahun 2011-2015. Jurnal Politik Muda, 5(2), 256-267.

Famiyeh, S., Asante-Darko, D., Kwarteng, A., Gameti, D. K., & Asah, S. A. (2019). Corporate social responsibility initiatives and its impact on social license: some empirical perspectives. Social Responsibility Journal.

Friedman, M. (2007). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. In Corporate ethics and corporate governance (pp. 173-178). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Graham, D., & Woods, N. (2006). Making corporate self-regulation effective in developing countries. World Development, 34(5), 868-883.

Hasan, S. (2018). Sistem Perencanaan Pembangunan dalam Penataan Hukum Nasional. Meraja journal, 1(3).

Hinson, R. E., & Ndhlovu, T. P. (2011). Conceptualising corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate social investment (CSI): the South African context. Social Responsibility Journal.

Marnelly, T. R. (2012). Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Tinjauan Teori dan Praktek di Indonesia. Jurnal Aplikasi Bisnis, 2(2), 49-59.

Nadjib, A. (2019). RKPD non-APBD. Jakarta: Indonesia Development Forum.

Nuryana, M., (2005). Corporate Social responsibility dan Kontribusi bagi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan, makalah yang disampaikan pada diklat pekerjaan sosial industri. Balai Besar Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Kesejahteraan Sosial (BBPPKS) Bandung, Lembang 5.

Partini, P. (2013). CSR Dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (Studi Implementasi Csr-ptba Di Muara Enim, Sumatera Selatan)(CSR and Community Development (Implementation Studies of CSR in Ptba in Muara Enim, South Sumatera Province). Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan 20, 94–99.

Patton, M. Q. (2014). Qualitative research & evaluation methods: Integrating theory and practice. Sage publications.

Rachman, N. M., Efendi, A., & Wicaksana, E. (2011). Panduan Lengkap Perencanaan CSR. Penebar Swadaya Grup.

Rahmayanti, D. R. (2014). Implementasi Corporate Social Responsibility dalam Membangun Reputasi Perusahaan.

Richardo, S., Nasution, B., & WINDHA, W. (2013). Tanggung Jawab Direksi Dalam Menjalankan CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) Berdasarkan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 47 Tahun 2012. Transparency Journal of Economic Law, 2(2), 14670.

Rosser, A., & Edwin, D. (2010). The politics of corporate social responsibility in Indonesia. The Pacific Review, 23(1), 1-22.

Schwartz, M. S., & Carroll, A. B. (2003). Corporate social responsibility: A three-domain approach. Business ethics quarterly, 13(4), 503-530.

Zainal, R. I. (2006). Best practices: corporate social responsibility (CSR): sebuah pengalaman membangun multistakeholder engagement bagi penerapan CSR di Kabupaten Muba, Sumatera Selatan. Badan Penerbit Fakultas Ekonomi Unsri didukung oleh Partnership for Governance Reform in Indonesia, Uni Eropa, dan P3EM FE Unsri.

Zainal, R. I. (2019). Analysis of CSR Legislation in Indonesia: Mandate to Business. Business and Economic Research, 9(3), 165-181.

Zuhri, A. (2018). CSR Perusahaan 2018. di Kabupaten Muara Enim capai Rp, 88(71). Miliar. Sriwijaya Post.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.