Psychosocial Impacts of Covid 19 Pandemic in Zimbabwe

Never Pavari


The Covid-19 pandemic has continued to cause socio-economic damages which will take a long time to recover from while there is no vaccine in sight. The impacts are affecting the social well-being of global citizens which triggers the need to investigate the psychosocial effects. In order to achieve and to provide the missing African context, the study was done in Zimbabwe. Due to lockdown restrictions, samples were obtained using online survey and social media platforms. Analysis was done to determine the effects, so far, of the virus on the general economy, psychological and social aspects as well as religious values of the citizens qualitatively and quantitatively. The findings indicated that economic loses were recorded at household, corporate and national levels. Indicators included increases in prices and exchange rate which eroded the buying power of local currency and increased the cost of basic commodities. Economic pressures, Covid-19 trends and restrictions imposed caused psychological damages which included fear, feeling of uncertainty and loss of hope. The study recommended increased awareness and psychological support to help the citizens to overcome mental displeasures. The study has potential to assist policy makers, health practitioners and development partners in developing strategies to eliminate Covid-19 related psychosocial pressures in Zimbabwe and globally.

Full Text:



Ahmed, Z., Ahmed, O., Aibao, Z., Hanbin, S., Siyu, L., & Ahmad, A. (2020). Epidemic of COVID-19 in China and associated Psychological Problems. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 51(April), 102092.

Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., & Dong, J. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 287(March), 112934.

CDC COVID-19 Response Team. (2020). Severe Outcomes Among Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) — United States , February 12 – March 16 , 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69.

Dong, E., Du, H., & Gardner, L. (2020). Open access epidemiological data from the COVID-19 outbreak A family cluster of SARS-CoV-2 infection involving 11 patients in Nanjing, China Outbreak investigation for COVID-19 in northern Vietnam. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20(5), 534–535.

Flahault, A. (2020). COVID-19 cacophony : is there any orchestra conductor ? Future of Chernobyl research : the urgency for consolidated action. The Lancet, 395(10229), 1037.

Gao, J., Tian, Z., & Yang, X. (2020). Breakthrough : Chloroquine phosphate has shown apparent efficacy in treatment of COVID-19 associated pneumonia in clinical studies. 1–2.

Goodell, J. W. (2020). COVID-19 and finance : Agendas for future research. Finance Research, (March).

Hellewell, J. (2020). Comment Deciphering the power of isolation in controlling COVID-19 outbreaks. 452–453.

Ho, C. S. H., Chee, C. Y. I., Psychiatry, M., & Ho, R. C. M. (2020). Mental Health Strategies to Combat the Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Beyond Paranoia and Panic. Commentary.

Lau, H., Khosrawipour, V., Kocbach, P., Mikolajczyk, A., Schubert, J., Bania, J., & Khosrawipour, T. (2020). The positive impact of lockdown in Wuhan on containing the COVID-19 outbreak in China. (March), 1–7.

Li, S., Wang, Y., Xue, J., Zhao, N., & Zhu, T. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 Epidemic Declaration on Psychological Consequences : A Study on Active Weibo Users. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 2032.

Qiu, Y., Chen, X., & Shi, W. (2020). Impacts of social and economic factors on the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) in China.

Remuzzi, A., & Remuzzi, G. (2020). Health Policy COVID-19 and Italy : what next ? The Lancet, 395(10231), 1225–1228.

Shaw, S. C. K. (2020). Nurse Education in Practice Hopelessness, helplessness and resilience : The importance of safeguarding our trainees’ mental. Nurse Education in Practice, 44(March), 102780.

Singh, R., & Adhikari, R. (2020). Age-structured impact of social distancing on the COVID-19 epidemic in India. ArXiv, 1–9.

Torales, J., Higgins, M. O., Castaldelli-maia, J. M., & Ventriglio, A. (2020). The outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus and its impact on global mental health. 3–6.

Wang, H., Li, T., Barbarino, P., Gauthier, S., Brodaty, H., Weidner, W., & Yu, X. (2020). No time for dilemma : mass gatherings must be suspended. The Lancet, 395(10231), 1191–1192.

World Health Organization. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Situation Report, 80(April).

Zhang, Y. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health and Quality of Life among Local Residents in Liaoning Province , China : A Cross-Sectional Study.

Zheng, W. (2020). Mental health and a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in China. Journal of Affective Disorders, 269, 201–202.

Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency. (2017). Inter‐censal demographic survey. Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104

Copyright © Macrothink Institute

'Macrothink Institute' is a trademark of Macrothink Institute, Inc.

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.