Role of Instructional Technology in Enhancing Students’ Educational Attainment in General Science at Elementary Level in District Karak (Pakistan)
Instructional technology plays a vital role in enhancing instructional process and makes it more interesting, successful and productive (Suleman, et al. 2011a). The purpose of the study was to explore the role of instructional technology in enhancing student’s educational attainment in General Science at elementary level in District Karak (Khyber Pukhtunkhwa) Pakistan. All the students at elementary level in District Karak constituted the population of the study. The study was delimited to the students of Government High School Khurram District Karak. The study was further delimited to the students of 8th class. Fifty students of class 08 of the same school were selected as sample of the study. Sample students were divided into two groups i.e. control group and experimental group by equating them on the basis of their previous knowledge in subject of General Science as determined through pre-test. Each group was comprised of 25 students. The study was experimental in nature therefore pre-test and post-test technique was used as research instrument for the collection of data. Mean, standard deviation and t-test were used for the statistical treatment of the data. After analysis of the data, the researchers concluded that instructional technology plays a fundamental and crucial role in teaching of General Science at elementary level. The application of instructional technology during teaching learning process increased the achievement level of the students. It also increased the motivational level of the students. Students of the experimental group were found more attentive and interested. On the basis of findings and conclusions it is recommended that instructional technologies should be utilized in teaching of General Science at elementary level. It is further recommended that instructional technologies should be provided to each school on priority basis.
KEYWORDS: Instructional Technology; Enhancing Students’ Educational Attainment; General Science; Elementary Level
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