World Dominates Thoughts and Religious Intellectuals in Iran

Ansar Amini, Mohammad Hassan Najmi, Shabnam Shafieie

Abstract


In every period of history and implicitly the twentieth century, the dominant schools of thoughts and ideas have been ruled. Since 1917 and after the Russian Revolution, Marxism transformed its power from theory into practice and until the late 1980s, when the Soviet Marxist regime crumbled, his thought process was continued. It was the shadow of Marxism on religious enlightenment in Iran either (religious enlightenment in Iran as well affected by Marxism); and doctor Ali Shariati as one of the most important religious intellectuals before the revolution in Iran, could not stay away from the dominance over global thinking in his works. But after the demise of Marxism, liberalism developed his constituents around the world more than ever by getting its authority back; meantime, this study analyses the views of Dr. Soroush, alongside with some parameters attempted to determine correlation between his thoughts and ideas that have emerged as the dominant world. So, the question of the present paper will be posed in this way: To what extent religious intellectual, according to the comments from doctor Shariati and doctor Soroush, has been affected by the global dominant thinking? The hypothesis of this article is how global dominant thinking at their time has influenced these two theorists analyzed in two different times. In this study, an analytical method is selected to examine match case study brighter. Data collection instruments are of documental-library type. 


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/jsr.v5i2.5538

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