A review of the architecture of admission control schemes in the Internet
Admission Control (AC) is an efficient way of dealing with congestion situations in a network. Using AC, when network resources in a path are not enough for all flows (i.e., during congestion), some of the flows receive the requested service and the rest do not. Congestion situations can be reduced by increasing network resources or by optimizing their use through better routing techniques, but if congestion still occurs, AC achieves efficient use of network resources by maximizing the number of satisfied flows. However, using AC complicates the network scheme, and therefore a major concern is making the AC as simple as possible. In this paper we review the main AC schemes that have been proposed for the Internet, focusing on the simplicity of their architectures in terms of the number of nodes that participate in the AC, the required state, the use of signaling, and others.
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