A Cyber Physical Systems Perspective on the Real-time and Reliable Dissemination of Information in Intelligent Transportation Systems

Aniruddha Gokhale, Mark McDonald, Steven Drager, William McKeever

Abstract


Timely and reliable dissemination of traffic-related information to drivers is a key property that intelligent transportation systems (ITS) should support. Numerous impediments stemming due to (a) physical factors, such as mobility and speed of vehicles, density of vehicles, characteristics of the wireless radio channel, and power and bit rate of radio transceivers, and (b) cyber issues, such as MAC layer access point associations and address resolutions (ARP), network layer addressing, routing and handoffs, and transport layer retransmissions lead to unpredictability in the timely and reliable dissemi­nation of information to drivers. This paper presents compelling arguments in favor of new research directions in this area that are based on a cyber-physical systems (CPS) perspective. In particular, this paper makes two contributions. First, it considers a vehicle-centric perspective to survey and study the physics-and cyber-imposed impediments to the timely and reliable dissemination of information. Second, it presents a promising CPS solution to overcome a subset of the impediments discovered. Third, it outlines lessons learned indicating the need for more focused research and realistic testbeds. The evaluations presented in the paper are based on simulations conducted in the OMNeT++/INETMANET simulator framework for IEEE 802.11 networks. Lack of open ITS testbeds motivated us to choose simulation as an alternative to conduct our study.


Keywords


Cyber physical systems, design and runtime techniques, real-time and reliable information dissemination, intelligent transportation systems.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/npa.v2i3.480

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