Determinants of Choice of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Northern Ghana

Franklin Nantui Mabe, Gifty Sienso, Samuel Arkoh Donkoh


This paper used binary logistic regression model to analyze factors that affect the choice of
climate change adaptation strategies of farmers in Northern Ghana. Using semi-structured
questionnaires, 155 farmers were randomly sampled from purposively selected three
Northern Regions in Ghana. The empirical results of the binary logistic regression models
revealed different effects of the factors on farmer’s choice of adaptation strategies. Farming
experience, farm income, access to phones, mixed farming, farmers’ perception on reduction
in rainfall amount and access to weather information significantly and positively affects the
choice of at least five climate change adaptation strategies. Following the findings of this
study, agricultural extension service should be intensified through organization of adult
education programmes or field schools for farmers to educate them on some climate change
adaptation strategies. Agro climatic information centers should be established at vantage
points in farming communities to enable farmers seek for information to help them revise
their climate change adaptation decisions for specific time and agricultural activity. Lastly,
affordable climate change adaptation technologies should be designed and make available to
poor farmers to adopt.

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