The Role of Political Risk and Financial Development Factors on Sukuk Market Development of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries

Arafat Mansoor Al-raeai, Zairy Zainol, Ahmad Khilmy Abdul Rahim


The literature related to the financial management acknowledges the significant role that political risk play to determine the financial market development. Further, financial system development (banking and financial markets) competes to provide long-term financing, and this competition might be positive or negative for each other. The aim of this paper is to propose a conceptual model/framework for investigating the role of political risk and financial market on Sukuk market development in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). GCC economies depend heavily on oil revenues which makes them subject to oil prices fluctuations. Therefore, GCC’s governments should diversify their economies by looking for Sukuk as an alternative source of financing, to cover their budget deficit, when the price of oil decreases, and reduce their reliance on oil, because Sukuk has advantages compared to the conventional bond particularly in terms of less information asymmetry. The prior studies have mostly focused on firms' characteristics determinants of Sukuk issuances but gave a little consideration to the role of country' characteristics on Sukuk market development. This paper proposes a framework to explain the political risk and financial markets determinants of Sukuk market development with a focus on the GCC countries that have the largest region in terms of the Islamic financial assets. It is anticipated that the outcome will support policymakers to improve the current state of Sukuk market.

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Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting ISSN 1946-052X


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