Job Hopping Behavior among Coffee Shops Employees in Malaysia

Hazrina Ghazali, Zulaikha Hizreen Hashim, Maisarah Ishak

Abstract


Job hopping behavior may have an adverse effect on both employers and employees. For the perspective of employee, there are many factors might influence an employee's decision to job hop including salary dissatisfaction or a better offer elsewhere. The issue of job hopping has been a serious concern for many organizations, and the coffee shops industry is no exception. Therefore, the goal of this research is to discover potential factors influencing to job hopping behavior among coffee shops employees, as well as the relationship of identified factors with job hopping. Job satisfaction, financial and perceived organizational support were the three factors investigated in this research. A total of 231 questionnaires were distributed to employees who are currently working in the coffee shops in Klang Valley area and 215 usable responses returned for a response rate of 93.1 percent. The collected data was analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) latest version. Results of the job satisfaction (mean= 3.5636), financial (m=3.5622) and perceived organization support (mean=3.5601) shows score lean towards agreement level. Additionally, findings showed that the correlation of all the variables were weak correlated. A multiple regression also was run to predict job hopping behaviour with the three independent variables. Results found that only 6.9% of variance in coffee shops’ employees was explained by job satisfaction, financial and perceived organization support (R² = .069). Even though the findings of this research found that these three variables did not have a direct impact on coffee shop employees' decision to job hop, the findings may provide some guidance and alert coffee shop owners or managers to the importance of these three variables in the coffee shops industry in order to minimize job hopping and will be discussed further in this paper.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v11i3.18818

Copyright (c) 2021 Hazrina Ghazali, Maisarah Ishak, Zulaikha Hizreen Hashim

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International Journal of Human Resource Studies  ISSN 2162-3058

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