A Local Approach Toward Multicultural Counseling in Malaysia

Nurul Syahida Mohd Ayob, Siti Aishah Hassan, Mohd Hamdan Mohamed Nordin


Malaysia is a multicultural and multi-religious country. The importance of multicultural counseling has been widely recognized and discussed. Counselors need to be multiculturally-knowledgeable when dealing with multicultural clients. The effectiveness of counseling may likely be improved by integrating Malaysian approaches that are tailored to this country’s traditions and insights, into the current conventional counseling practices. Most of these counseling and psychotherapy theories are based on, and biased towards, the Euro-American culture. Novice counselors in particular frequently reported a lack of skills in dealing with culturally-diverse clients. Multicultural counseling competency is an evolutionary progress that is meant to achieve an effective treatment, and greater inclusion of minorities in mainstream society. Therefore, this paper highlights multicultural counseling competencies and the evolution of counseling in Malaysia. Using narrative method literature review, this paper presents local approaches toward counseling in Malaysia, based on various religions, which are specifically focused on an Islamic approach. This paper then compares and contrasts the local approaches with those of the conventional Western based counseling methods. Some recommendations that merit further investigation are highlighted for future studies.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v11i4S.19254

Copyright (c) 2021 Nurul Syahida Mohd Ayob, Siti Aishah Hassan, Mohd Hamdan Mohamed Nordin

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International Journal of Human Resource Studies  ISSN 2162-3058

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