The Effect of Regional Characteristics on Type of Crime and Crime Report Calls

Hyun Soo Kim, Julak Lee


Given a sample of criminal activities in South Korea, the following assessment focuses on 112 reports requesting government assistance concentrated in certain area at a specific time. Analysis of the aforementioned incident reports highlight the strategic placement of police patrols in crime vulnerable areas where they are reported play a critical role towards crime prevention. As such, this study analyzed the regional characteristics of each district based on metrics provided by the National Police Agency. Regression analysis performed on this hypothesis yielded the following results. First - analyzing the effects of regional characteristics regarding major crimes and other crimes - the regional characteristics of lodging facilities, educational institutions, financial institutions, public facilities, karaoke bars, and foreign residents showed a positive effect. Second - as a consequence of analyzing the effects of regional characteristics on report code considering the urgency level of the incidents - the regional characteristics of lodging facilities, entertainment pubs, educational institutions, financial institutions, public facilities, and foreign residents showed a positive effect. Lastly, this study analyzed the connection between 112 report codes with crime types, in addition their causal effects, proved to be significant.

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