Tourism Destination Development Policies in the Regional Spatial System of Karangasem Regency, Bali, Indonesia

I Komang Gede Santhyasa, Syamsul Alam Paturusi, I Nyoman Sunarta, I Nyoman Sukma Arida


Facts on the tourism issues that emerged in Karangasem Regency showed a lack of synergy between spatial planning and tourism destination planning. In addition, tourism development in Karangasem Regency is vulnerable to exploitation of natural and cultural resources.  Therefore, in developing tourism in Karangasem Regency, careful measures are needed to avoid the degradation of local cultural values. This study aimed to formulate and develop a policy framework for tourism destination development in the regional spatial system of Karangasem Regency, Bali, Indonesia. This study used a qualitative research approach with multicriteria-based policy (MULTIPOL) analysis. The data were collected through document studies, interviews, and focus group discussions (FGD). MULTIPOL analysis integrates a participatory approach into multi-criteria principles, and therefore, the MULTIPOL framework is based on the information obtained from stakeholders through FGD. In this study, the interviewees were chosen through purposive sampling by involving 15 experts consisting of 3 community leaders, 7 local government officials, and 5 managers of tourist attractions. The results showed that the tourism village development action scored the highest for the conservation-based tourism policy, regional potential-based tourism policy, infrastructure development and accessibility policy, and community-based tourism management policy. Meanwhile, the highest-scoring policies in relation to the established integrated development scenarios, are the regional potential-based tourism policy, the community-based tourism management policy, and the conservation-based tourism policy.

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