Criminalization on Husband Wife Relationship towards Nushuz in the Perspective of Islamic Law and Criminal Code

Oom Mukarromah, Asep Ubaidillah


The purpose of this study was to determine the criminalization law of nusyuz behavior both in Islamic law and the Criminal Code, and to know the relevance of Islamic law with the Criminal Code and Law No. 23 of 2004 in criminalization law of nusyuz behavior. The study used juridical normative approach in order to find the principle or the doctrine of positive law relevant to the issues studied, such as the opinions and ideas of jurists on the criminalization of the nusyuz behavior. This study used literature research method, which is a research conducted with data resources obtained from books or other writings relevant to the subject matter. The sources drawn from various works that discuss the problems of the family, the rights and protection of women, domestic violence and some literature on criminal law from the perspective of Islamic law and positive law. From the study, it can be concluded that: First, under the Islamic law, any form of physical violence against the wife is categorized in the form of jarimah (a criminal act) which is regulated in Islamic criminal law (fiqh jinayah). Second, in a substance, criminal law of physical violence against wife in the Domestic Violence Act is part of jarimah, a criminal act besides the soul. According to the Islamic criminal law, criminal act is classified into jarimah takzir.

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