Toddler Democracy and a Typical Governance in Guinea-Bissau



This paper evolves from the beginning of the democratization process which culminated with the formation of political parties and analyzed the functioning of political parties by observing the practice on democracy and governance system in much more contextualized and corresponding terms from 1991 to 2017. The paper explores the relationships between the political system and the constitution as against the transgression of constitutional power as source of conflicts. The paper also examined carefully the roles of political parties, the media and civil society in democratization process. The paper found that there are inversion of values and mis-concept of democracy, political leaders deviate from key democratic principles and there is a group of political elites addicted to power that have been resorting the political fraud to control power which is complicating democratic progress. In order to forestall the ugly trend, the paper recommends that political leaders and elites should lead the country with wisdom. Elected leaders should be people who are ready to fight tirelessly and positively contribute to building and developing society.

Full Text:



Agarwal. (2001): Participatory Exclusions, Community Forestry, and Gender: An Analysis for South Asia and a Conceptual Framework. World Development, 29, 1623-1648.

Anthony, D. (1957). An Economic Theory of Democracy. Publisher New York: Harper and Brothers. Collection print disabled; inlibrary; internet archive books; China.

Carlos, C. (1995). Os Desafios da Transição política na Guiné-Bissau. Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisa, 1995.

Christoph, K. (2011). Construindo a nacao na Africa pos-colonial: o exemplo de Guine-Bissau.

Constitution of Republic of Guinea-Bissau.

Devas, & Grant. (2003). Local government decision‐making—citizen participation and local accountability: some evidence from Kenya and Uganda

Edwards, M. (2009). Civil Society. Polity Press: United Kingdom, 2009.

Elgie, R. (2004). Semi-presidentialism: Concepts, Consequences and Contesting Explanations.

EU Election Observation Mission Guinea-Bissau 2005 - Final Report on the Presidential Elections.

EU Election Observation Mission Guinea-Bissau 2009 - Final Report on the Presidential Elections

EU Election Observation Mission Guinea-Bissau 2014 - Final Report on the Presidential Elections. (Online) Available

Giovanni, S. (1976). Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis of Parties and Party Systems •Publisher, Cambridge University Press, 1(1). ISBN, 0521212383, 9780521212380.

Jan, A. S. (2011). What is Civil Society (1)?

John, K. (2009). Democracy failure – The root of the global economic crisis is political. WZB-Mitteilungen, (Heft 124 Juni 2009), 6-8.

Lane. (1995). Non-governmental organisations and participatory development: the concept in theory versus the concept in practice. In ‘Power and Participatory Development’.

Lars, R. (2001): On Democracy’s Sustainability - Transition in Guinea-Bissau. Edição 4 de Sida studies, ISSN 1404-9562 Volume 4 de Sida studies: 2001

Lei-quadro dos partidos politcos – lei no.04 /91 de 26 de Agosto – artigo 56 da Constituição da Republica da Guine-Bissau

Maurice, D. (1980). Semi-presidential – Duverger’s Concept – A new Political System Model. European Journal of Political Research,

Nelson, N., & Wright, S. (1995). Participation and power. In ‘Power and participatory development’.

Recenseamento, B. G. B. (2010). Ministerio da Funcao Publica e de Modernizacao do Estado.

Robert, E. (2007). Varieties of Semi-Presidentialism and Their Impact on Nascent Democracies. Taiwan Journal of Democracy, 3(2), 53-71.

Sheila, S. C. (2013). The Role of the Media in Deepening Democracy.

Ture, I. (2016). Política, Caráter e Lideraça: Tudo em torno da Verdade, (Online) Availeble:

Ture, I. (2017). Public Administration Reform and Decentralization Policy in Guinea- Bissau. International Journal of Education and Research, 5(5).

Ture, I. (2017). The Challenges of Democratization and Good Governance in Guinea-Bissau. Journal of Public Administration and Governance, 7(2).

Voz di Paz. (2010). The root of conflict in Guinea-Bissau: the voice of the people. Published by: Voz di Paz / Interpeace. (Online) available:

While, K. (2001). Community Participation

World Bank. (2010). Adopting the World Bank’s definition of Civil Society organization.


Copyright (c) 2018 IAIA TURE

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104


Copyright © Macrothink Institute

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.