The Implementation of the Government Goods and Services Procurement Policy at the General Hospital of Sanggau Regency West Kalimantan Province

Hari Liewarnata, Bahrullah Akbar, Murtir Jeddawi, Sampara Lukman


This study is associated with the implementation of the government goods and services procurement policy at the General Hospital of Sanggau Regency, West Kalimantan Province. In this case, the procurement refers to the procurement causing legal problems namely the procurement of surgical medical devices in fiscal year 2014. The theoretical structure of the research consists of the grand theory (government science), middle range theory (public policy theory), and applied theory (the implementation theory of Van Meter and Van Horn Public Policies). This study was employed qualitative research approach. In addition, the secondary data collection was carried out by using library research. Meanwhile, the primary data collection was conducted by applying interview techniques and observation that involved 10 research informants determined by purposive sampling technique. The results of this study were analyzed by the researcher by entailing six variables of Van Meter and Van Horn. The results of this study indicated that there was an alleged criminalization by Government Internal Supervisory Apparatus (GISA) through the results of an audit on the procurement of surgical medical devices at the General Hospital of Sanggau regency in fiscal year 2014. Basically, the reason why the GISA stipulated the State losses is due to the emergence of an indication of a conspiracy among auction participants referring to the explanation of article 83, paragraph (1) the letter e on Presidential Regulation No. 70 Year 2012, without involving Procurement Service Unit (PSU) and/or the working groups of PSU, including the existence of contract value differences with the real value of provider purchases and VAT. The cause of the criminalization of the GISA audit results raising legal problems is presumably resulted from the fact that the audit carried out by GISA was not based on the GISA audit standards. Moreover it was not objective and unprofessional. The results demonstrated that the state losses determined by GISA were grounded on 1) the misinterpretation on the conspiracy indications in the explanation of article 83 paragraph (1), the letter e, Presidential Regulation No. 70 Year 2012 carried out by GISA; 2) incorrect assumptions which are not in accordance with the facts conveyed by GISA in the treatise of the audit results used as the basis for determining state losses; 3) GISA does not understand the mechanism and system for implementing procurement stipulated by the Government in which it should be carried out electronically/(e-procurement); 4) State Loss Calculation Method performed by GISA by finding out the difference between the value of the contract and the real value of the purchase of the provider based on the incorrect interpretation regarding the indications of conspiracy in the explanation of the article 83 paragraph (1) the letter e, Presidential Regulation No. 70 Year 2012. As a result, the State losses that GISA's stipulated become baseless; 5) The existence of the alleged GISA audit is carried out based on emotions, subjectivity, motives and certain interests. The researcher proposes several suggestions and the "SO&R by hari" model that can be analyzed by using 1 dimension/variable (variable policy standard, objective & resources) on new concepts obtained by the researcher regarding the Implementation of Government Goods and Services Procurement Policy, which is a simplification and refinement of the Van Meter and Van Horn theories on  Public Policy Implementation, and a new framework which is specific and focused on the research related to government goods and services procurement.

Full Text:



Abdul, W. S. (2004). Analisis Kebijaksanaan, Dari Formulasi Ke Implementasi Kebijakan Negara. Jakarta : Bumi Aksara.

Ali, H. F., & dan Andi, S. A. (2012). Studi Kebijakan Pemerintah, Bandung: Refika Aditama

Anderson, J. E. (1984). Public Policy Making – An Introduction (second edition), Texas A & M University.

Apter, D. (1965). Comperative Politics, The Free Press, New York.

Arikunto, S. (Edisi Revisi 2010). Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktik, Rineka Cipta.

Bahrullah, A. (2015). Sistem Pengawasan Keuangan Negara di Indonesia, Pusat Kajian Keuangan Negara, Jakarta, 2015.

Bailey, C. A. (2007). A Guide To Qualitative Field Research, Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press.

Bijah, S. (2004). Stratifikasi Kebijaksanaan Nasional, Jakarta Lemhamnas RI, Edisi kedua, cetakan I, 2004

Birkland, T. (2011). An Introduction to the Policy Process: Theories, Concepts, and Models of Public Policy Making, New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

Black, J. A., & Dean, J. C. (1992). Metode Penelitian Sosial, penerjemah E. Kuswara, Dira Salam & Alvin Ruzhendi, Bandung: PT Etresco.

Brasz, H. A. (1975). Inleiding tot de Bestuurswetenschap, Vuga Boekerij.

Budi, W. (2007). Kebijakan Publik: Teori dan Proses. Yogyakarta: Media Pressindo.

Bungin, H. M. B. (2007). Penelitian Kualitatif: Komunikasi, Ekonomi, Kebijakan Publik, dan Ilmu Sosial Lainnya, Jakarta: Kencana Penada Media, 2007.

Carl, V. H., & dan Donal, V. M. (1975). Model-model dalam Kebijakan Implementasi, yongyakarta.

Chase, G. (1979). Implementing a Human Service Program: How Hard Will it Be?. New York City

Cochran, C. E., Lawrence, C., Mayer, T. R., Carr, N., Joseph, C., & Mark, J. M. (2011). American Public Policy: An Introduction, Boston: Wadsworth.

Cochran, C. L., & Eloise, F. M. (2010). Public Policy: Perspective and Choices, London: Lynne Rienner Publisher.

Creswel, J. W. (1994). Research Design Qualitative & Quantitative Approaches. Sage Publication : New Delhi.

Denzim, N. K., & dan Yvonna, S. L. (1994). Handbook of Qualitative Research. California: Sage Publications Inc.

Downs, A. (1967). Inside Bureaucracy, Boston: A Rand Corporation Research.

Dunn, N. W. (2000). Pengantar Analisis Kebijakan Publik. Terjemahan Samodra Wibawa dkk, Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Dye, T. R. (1981). Understanding Public Policy, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Edward III, G. C. (1980). Implementing Public Policy,Congressional Quarterly Inc, USA

Edward, G., & Sharkansky, I. (1978). The policy Predicament, San Fransisco: W.H. Freeman and company

Gerston, L. N. (2010). Public Policy Making: Process and Principles, New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

Grindle, M. (1980). Politic and policy implementation In the Third World. New Jersey: Princeston University Press.

Guess, G. M., & Paul, G. F. (2011). Case in Public Policy Analysis, Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2011.

Gunawan, I. (2013). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif : Teori dan Praktik, Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2013.

Hamdi, M. (2014). Kebijakan Publik: Proses, Analisis, dan Partisipasi. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia.

Hill, M., & Peter, H. (2002). Implementing Publik Policy, London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Hoogerwerf, A. (1978). Ilmu Pemerintahan, Terj.R.L.L. Tobing, Jakarta: Erlangga.

Howlett, M., & Ramesh, M. (1995). Studying Public Policy, Policy Cycless and Policy Subsytems, New York: Oxford University Press.

Islamy, I. (2000). Prinsip-prinsip Perumusan Kebijakan Publik. Yogyakarta, Bumi Aksara.

Jones, C. O. (1977). An Introduction To The Study of Public Policy Publishing Company Monterey, California: Wesley Longman Publishing Company, Inc.

Kerlinger, F. N. (2002). Asas-asas Penelitian Behavioral, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Lan, R. (1997). Sistim Administrasi Negara Republik Indonesia-Jilid I & II, Jakarta: PT.Toko Gunung Agung.

Mac, I. R. (1947). The Web of Governmen, The Mac Millan Company Ltd., New York.

Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (1989). Designing Qualitative Research. California: SAGE Publication. Inc.

Mazmanian, D. A., & Paul, A. S. (1983). Implementation and Public Policy, IllionisGlenview: Scott, Foresman, & Co.

Moleong, L. J. (2000). “Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif”, Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosda Karya.

Mudjisantoso. (2017). “Kesalahan Pengadaan? (Perspektif Hukum)”, Yogyakarta : Primaprint Yogyakarta.

Nakamura, R. T., & Frank, S. (1980). The Politics of Policy Implementation, New York: St. Martin Press, 1980.

Neuman, W. L. (1997). Social Research Methods, London : Needham Heights, Allyn and Bacon.

Neuman, W. L. (2003). Social Research Methods Qualitative and Quantitative Approach, Allyn and Bacon: London.

Nugroho, R. (2009). Public Policy, Jakarta: PT. Elex Media Komputindo.

Poelje, D. G. A. (1953). Algemene Inleiding Tot De Bestuurskunde, Alphen aan den Rijn, N. Samson N.V.

Poelje. (1993). Algemene Inleiding Tot De Bestuurskunde, Alphen aan den Rijn, N. Samson N.V.

Ripley, R. B., & Franklin, G. A. (1990). Policy Implementation and Bureaucracy (Second Edition), Chicago, Illinois : The Dorsey Press.

Rosenthal, U. (1978). Openbaar Bestuur, Samson HD., Jeenk Willink, Alphen aan den Rijn, Leiden.

Strong, C. F. (1960). Modern Political Constituion, Sidgwick & Jackson Ltd., London

Strong, C. F. (1960). Modern Political Constitution, Sidswick & Jacson Limited, London.

Sudirman. (2017). Kriminalisasi Audit Kerugian Keuangan Negara. Medan: Konsultan Audit Kerugian Keuangan Negara.

Sunggono, B. (1994). Hukum dan Kebijaksanaan Publik. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika.

Supriatna, T., & dan Syaruhdin, Y. (2013). Kebijakan Publik. Bandung: Indra Prahasta.

Syafiie, K. I. (2011). Manajemen Pemerintahan. Pustaka Reka Cipta. Jawa Barat.

Tachjan, H. (2008). Implementasi Kebijakan Publik, Bandung : AIPI.

Taliziduhu, (1997). Metodologi Ilmu Pemerintahan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Taliziduhu. (1997). Budaya Pemerintahan dan Dampaknya Terhadap Pelayanan Masyarakat. Jakarta. Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan Edisi Ketiga.

Taliziduhu.(2003). Kybernology (Ilmu Pemerintahan Baru). Jakarta, Bina Angkasa.

Tangkilisan, H. N. S., & Saputro, S. H. (2003). Implementasi kebijakan publik: transformasi pikiran George Edwards. Lukman Offset: Yayasan Pembaruan Administrasi Publik Indonesia (YPAPI).

Van, M., Donald, S., Van, H., & Carl, E. (1975). The Policy Implementation Process. A Conceptual Framework. Administration and Society, 6(4). London: Sage Publications, Inc.

Wahab, S. (2014). Analisis Kebijakan (dari formulasi ke penyusunan, Model-model implementasi kebijakan publik), Jakarta Bumi Aksara

Wayne, P. (2001). Pengantar Teori dan Praktik Analisis Kebijakan (Terj. Triwibowo Budi Santoso). Jakarta: Kencana.

Widodo, J. (2007). Analisa Kebijakan Publik. Malang: Bayu Media Publishing



Peraturan Presiden Nomor 54/2010, sebagaimana diubah Peraturan Presiden Nomor 70/2012 dan Peraturan Presiden Nomor 4/2015

Perka LKPP Nomor 5/2011 tentang Standar Dokumen Pengadaan Sistem Secara Elektronik

Risalah Pembicaraan Hasil Audit Pengadaan Alat-Alat Kedokteran Bedah pada RSUD Kabupaten Sanggau Tahun Anggaran 2014 antara Tim BPKP dan Pihak RSUD Sanggau

Surat Tanggapan PPK atas Risalah Pembicaraan Hasil Audit Pengadaan Alat-Alat Kedokteran Bedah pada RSUD Kabupaten Sanggau Tahun Anggaran 2014 antara Tim BPKP dan Pihak RSUD Sanggau

Laporan Hasil Pemeriksaan BPK RI atas Sistem Pengendalian Intern (Buku II) Nomor 17.B/LHP/XIX.PNK/05/2015

Laporan Hasil Pemeriksaan BPK RI atas Kepatuhan Terhadap Peraturan Perundang-Undangan (Buku III) Nomor 17.C/LHP/XIX.PNK/05/2015

Laporan Hasil Audit BPKP Perwakilan Provinsi Kalimantan Barat, Nomor : SR-558/PW14/5/2016 Tanggal 7 Desember 2016

I Gusti Ngurah Suweta. (2016). Implementasi Kebijakan Penanganan Konflik Sosial Berbasis Kearifan Lokal di Kabupaten Karangasem Provinsi Bali. Program Doktor Ilmu Pemerintahan Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri.

Yudhi, W. (2015). Implementasi Kebijakan Pemerintah Terhadap Pengelolaan Pulau-Pulau Terluar - Studi Kasus Pulau Miangas Kabupaten Kepulauan Talaud Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Program Doktor Ilmu Administrasi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Indonesia.

Corneles, S. (2013). Implementasi Kebijakan Lingkungan Hidup di Provinsi Papua. Program Doktor Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Konsentrasi Ilmu Pemerintahan, FISIP Universitas Padjadjaran – Bandung


Copyright (c) 2019 Hari Liewarnata, Bahrullah Akbar, Murtir Jeddawi, Sampara Lukman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Journal of Public Administration and Governance  ISSN 2161-7104


Copyright © Macrothink Institute

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.