The Rationale of the Administrative Thought of ALI BIN ABI TALIB and Administrative Schools (A Comparative Study)



This paper discussed a set of theoretical and administrative hypothesis of schools of administration, which contributed to influence the science of management in general and led to the emanation of many models associated with the means of management and its fundamentals. These schools relied on the use of various hypotheses or theories that sought to develop a knowledge structure of management that could contribute to solving administrative problems, especially at the end of the nineteenth century, which witnessed the development of management science through scientists and eggheads.

Moreover there was an odd experience at the level of administration and governance, revealing the unique mentality of Ali in management, in the legal, comprehensive and humanitarian ones, which printed the terms of his reign to Malik - decibel and companion of Ali - some related to economic matters political, social issues deal with the duties and functions of the ruler and relations between the ruler and the parish.

We concluded that the management materials provided by all known administrative schools testify unequivocally to the thought of Ali, addressing the administration from the perspective of building the land on the basis of justice, efficiency and equity. Therefore, we consider that venerable scholars, whatever their religion, creed or race, are just witnesses to the correctness, validity and comprehensiveness of Ali's thought, not only in the twenty-first century, but we can say objectively as a testimony to all ages.

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